Date:         Thu, 13 Apr 1995 09:02:46 +0100
Sender:       Christian explanation of the Scriptures to Israel
From:         Teus Benschop 
Subject:      Catechism, 12
  Q: Which is the seventh commandment?
  A: The seventh commandment is, "Thou shalt not commit adultery".
  In this  commandment, God protects the life in  and out the marriage. The
  marriage is established by Him. "Therefore  shall a man leave his  father
  and his mother,  and shall cleave unto  his wife: and  they shall be  one
  flesh." (Genesis 2:24) After having it established, he cares through this
  commandment, that it is kept  chaste, i.e. in the form as  He wills. When
  He forbids  something, adultery  in this  commandment, He wills  that the
  opposite be kept: in this case the holy life of man and woman.
  Q: What is required in the seventh commandment?
  A: The seventh commandment requireth  the preservation of our own and our
  neighbour's chastity, in heart, speech, and behaviour.
  Though there  is something forbidden  in this commandment,  we will first
  look to what is required. In  the following question and answer, we  look
  to what is not allowed. The seventh commandment requires much. It  is not
  enough  when we  commit  not adultery  with  our deeds.  It  requires the
  preservation of our own and  our neighbour's chastity. Not only  our own,
  but also that of our neighbour. So, when we behave ourselves  chaste, but
  allow our children  to come in wrong  places etc., we do  not enough. And
  when  we see another  sinning against this  commandment, and we  warn him
  not, we do too little.  We have to keep both ourselves and  our neighbour
  in a holy life.
     Further, it requires not only deeds, but also our  heart is important.
  In the  answer, the heart is even mentioned  first: in heart, speech, and
  behaviour. For out the  heart come forth all things. Our  deeds are first
  considered in our  heart. Also the speech is important, and it is between
  our heart and our deeds.
     Chastity  in the general  is a virtue which  consists therein that man
  keeps the purity of mind and body, according to God's will. Further, that
  man  avoids all  lusts,  which are  forbidden of  God, and  also  all the
  desires, causes, fruits,  assumptions etc. thereof. And  this both in and
  out the marriage. The chastity is  a great decoration of the entire  man,
  and  of all virtues.  The chastity is  one of the  most important virtues
  wherein the image of God consists. With "image of  God" I mean not one of
  stone or gold,  but like  it is  written, that  men is  made after  God's
  image: "So God  created man in his own image, in the image of God created
  he him;  male and female  created he them."  (Genesis 1:27) The  chastity
  belongs to  that image. Through the  chastity, we become  more uniform to
     The apostle commands everybody,  man and woman, to be man  or woman in
  honour:  "That every one of you should know  how to possess his vessel in
  sanctification and  honour;" (1  Thessalonians 4:4)  He also warns  us to
  abstain from the lusts, which above all  prevail in the youth: "Flee also
  youthful  lusts: but  follow  righteousness, faith,  charity, peace."  (2
  Timothy 2:22) Our speech ought to be not defiled, but graceful,  like the
  apostle commands us: "Let your speech be alway with grace,  seasoned with
  salt." (Colossians 4:6) Besides, according to Peter, the chaste behaviour
  of  woman can have  a great influence  on their husbands.  When they have
  unbelieving husbands,  and those  men see  the chaste behaviour  of their
  wives, maybe they come to  belief. Listen to Peter, who  says: "Likewise,
  ye  wives, be in subjection to  your own husbands; that,  if any obey not
  the word,  they also may without  the word be won by  the conversation of
  the  wives;   While they  behold  your chaste  conversation  coupled with
  fear." (1 Peter 3:1,2)
  Q: What is forbidden in the seventh commandment?
  A: The seventh commandment  forbiddeth all unchaste thoughts,  words, and
  Our  answer says it  in short:  avoid all  unchaste thoughts,  words, and
  actions.  But when we  look to it more  thoroughly, we see  more and more
  transgressions. First,  not only  the deeds  are condemned, but  also the
  speech. Yes, even the thoughts are open before the eyes of God, Who knows
  our heart. Jesus Christ explained this  to us, when He said: "I  say unto
  you, That  whosoever looketh on a woman to  lust after her hath committed
  adultery with her already  in his heart." (Matthew 5:28) When  we walk on
  the street, we  often see men looking  to women. When  you look at  their
  eyes, you see  what they think. They  are continually committing adultery
  with the passing women in  their hearts. That is  what is meant, when  we
  say that also the unchaste thoughts are forbidden. Concerning the speech,
  you have but  to listen, and you  discover how much is  transgressed this
     The  apostle warns us against  adultery, both in  deeds and in speech:
  "But fornication,  and all  uncleanness, or  covetousness, let it  not be
  once named among you, as becometh saints; Neither filthiness, nor foolish
  talking,  nor jesting,  which are  not convenient:  but rather  giving of
  thanks. (Ephesians 5:3,4) Use not your tongue for unchaste words, foolish
  talking, jesting, but rather for the giving of thanks. The reason is that
  no sinner  will inherit the  kingdom of God, like  the apostle continues:
  "For this ye  know, that no whoremonger, nor unclean person, nor covetous
  man, who is  an idolater, hath any  inheritance in the kingdom  of Christ
  and of God." (Ephesians 5:5)
     The punishment of the adulterers  consists in the temporal and eternal
  death. In the law, God commanded  to put the adulterer to death. "And the
  man  that committeth  adultery  with  another man's  wife,  even he  that
  committeth  adultery with  his neighbour's  wife, the  adulterer  and the
  adulteress  shall  surely  be  put  to  death."  (Leviticus  20:10)  That
  punishment is not  abrogated in the New Testament. When Jesus said to the
  adulterous woman, that He not condemned her, He left the  government free
  to punish  her. When He  not condemned  her, He  added: "Go,  and sin  no
  more". (John 8:11) Also when He not condemned her, he only showed that He
  came not to condemn, but to save the sinners,  in order that they "sin no
  more". Besides the temporal death, there is also an eternal death for the
  adulterers. We have just read of Paul, who said "that no whoremonger, nor
  unclean  person, hath  any inheritance  in the kingdom  of Christ  and of
  God." (Ephesians 5:5)
     Sins against this  commandment are: the having of more  than one wife.
  God gave Adam one wife, no more. The whore and  the sodomite are sinning:
  "There shall be  no whore of the  daughters of Israel, nor a  sodomite of
  the  sons of  Israel." (Deuteronomy  23:17) The  whorehouses ought  to be
  exterminated  out  of  our  country.   Raping  is  forbidden,  and   also
  homosexuality, as we see in the destruction of Sodom.
  We can well ask ourselves: Who is able to keep God's law? Nobody is able;
  and  who thinks  that He is  able, is  misleading himself,  being utterly
  blind for the truth. He has no  idea about what God requires in  His law.
  But those, who begin  to open their eyes, and begin  to see what a  great
  transgressors they are, will  do one of both: Either they  flee from God,
  or they go to him, asking for mercy.
     Chr-Exp, a Christian explanation of the Tanach and the New Testament
              Editor: Teus Benschop  -
                      No copyrights on this publication
            Institution Practical Bible-education, the Netherlands
     End of Catechism, 12

file: /pub./resources/text/ipb-e/cate: cat-012.txt