X-Nupop-Charset: English
Date:         Thu, 4 May 1995 09:05:55 +0100
Reply-To: t.benschop@pobox.ruu.nl
Sender: Christian explanation of the Scriptures to Israel 
From: Teus Benschop 
Subject:      Catechism, 15
To: Multiple recipients of list CHR-EXP 
  Q: Which is the tenth commandment?
  A: The tenth commandment is, "Thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's house,
  thou shalt not  covet thy neighbour's wife, nor  his man-servant, nor his
  maidservant,  nor  his ox,  nor  his  ass,  nor  any thing  that  is  thy
  We  know that  the law  is spiritual:  but I  am carnal, sold  under sin.
  (Romans  7:14) Because  the law  is  spiritual, it  requires not  only an
  outward observance, which is showed in words and deeds, but especially an
  inward. This consists of well regulated inward thoughts and affections of
  the heart. God so perfectly demands this of us, that  He not only forbids
  the  sins  which  we  designedly will,  but  also  even  the least  wrong
  affection,  which opposes itself  against God's  will. This  affection is
  forbidden in this tenth commandment: You shall not covet.

  Q: What is required in the tenth commandment?
  A:  The  tenth  commandment  requireth  full  contentment  with  our  own
  condition,  with  a right  and  charitable  frame  of  spirit toward  our
  neighbour, and all that is his.
  Not coveting  more then  we have,  requires to  be content  with our  own
  condition. "Let your conversation be without covetousness; and be content
  with such things as ye have: for  he hath said, I will never  leave thee,
  nor  forsake thee." (Hebrews  13:5) When we  look around us,  and we look
  into our hearts, we know how difficult, yes, even impossible this is. The
  whole  world of the business  aims at rising our  desires. The newspapers
  are full of advertisements, to awaken our greed. "When you not have this,
  you are not happy", say they. And we, with our coveting nature, listen to
  it, and believe it. We go out, and buy the things which we not need, thus
  fulfilling our vain desires, and fulfilling the measure of our sins.
     This commandments requires also a right and charitable frame of spirit
  towards our neighbour, and towards all that is his. When he has more then
  we have, we ought to be content with that, and even to be glad that he is
  well. When he is in need, we will give him what he needs, without holding
  back our hand  to do well. "Rejoice  with them that do  rejoice, and weep
  with them that weep." (Romans 12:15)
     When God  forbids the coveting  in this commandment, He  also commands
  the opposite, namely that we will long for all righteousness. We ought to
  hate all sin, and to love all God's commandments. This only a renewed men
  can do. Therefore, when you have heard the truth, "put off concerning the
  former  conversation the  old  man,  which is  corrupt  according to  the
  deceitful lusts;  and be renewed in  the spirit of your mind;  and put on
  the  new  man, which  after  God is  created  in  righteousness and  true
  holiness.  (Ephesians  4:22-24)  This  is,  in  short,  what  this  tenth
  commandment requires: righteousness and true holiness.

  Q: What is forbidden in the tenth commandment?
  A:  The  tenth  commandment forbiddeth  all discontentment  with  our own
  estate,  envying or  grieving  at  the good  of  our neighbour,  and  all
  inordinate motions and affections to any thing that is his.
  It  is forbidden,  in this  commandment, to  be discontent  with  our own
  estate. There  are many, many examples of this  sin. Some are not content
  with their outward look, which they got  from God. They paint their face,
  and thus  distort their natural  look, being discontent  with God's gift.
  Some never have enough, and murmur, "as some of them", of  the Israelites
  in the desert, "also  murmured, and were destroyed of  the destroyer." (1
  Corinthians 10:10)
     Also  forbidden  is  all  envying  or  grieving  at  the  good  of our
  neighbour, and all inordinate motions and affections to any thing that is
  his. Has he  a new car? Do  not envy that, like  many do. "Let us  not be
  desirous  of vain  glory,  provoking one  another, envying  one another."
  (Galatians 5:26) Women look to  other's clothes. When the other  has more
  beautiful  clothing, their  desires  are  kindled, to  have  the same  or
  better.  Also, when they  buy something, they  look out to  buy not that,
  what  their friends wear. This is the  result of the desire to be better,
  and more beautiful than the other, what is forbidden in this commandment.
  "Let nothing be  done through  strife or vainglory;  but in lowliness  of
  mind let each esteem other better than themselves." (Philippians 2:3)

  Chr-Exp, a Christian explanation of the Bible to Israel
  Editor: Teus Benschop  -  t.benschop@pobox.ruu.nl
  Institution Practical Bible-education, the Netherlands
     End of   Catechism, 15

file: /pub./resources/text/ipb-e/cate: cat-015.txt