John Calvin, Commentary on Haggai 
Commentaries on the Twelve Minor Prophets by John Calvin. 
Now first translated from the original Latin, by the Rev. John Owen, 
vicar of Thrussington, Leicestershire. 
Volume Fourth. Habakkuk, Zephaniah, Haggai 
WM. B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, Grand Rapids, 1950, Michigan. 
Printed in the United States of America. 
Printed in the United States of America 
The Commentaries of John Calvin on the Prophet Haggai 
Calvin's Preface to Haggai 
    After the return of the people, they were favoured, we know, 
especially with three Prophets, who roused their fainting hearts, 
and finished all predictions, until at length the Redeemer came in 
his appointed time. During the time of The Babylonian Exile the 
office of teaching was discharged among the captives by Ezekiel, and 
also by Daniel; and there were others less celebrated; for we find 
that some of the Psalms were then composed, either by the Levites, 
or by some other teachers. But these two, Ezekiel and Daniel, were 
above all others eminent. Then Ezra and Nehemiah followed them, the 
authority of whom was great among the people; but we do not read 
that they were endued with the Prophetic gift. 
    It then appears certain that three only were divinely inspired 
to proclaim the future condition of the people. 
    Daniel had before them foretold whatever was to happen till the 
coming of Christ, and his Book is a remarkable mirror of God's 
Providence; for he paints, as on a tablet, three things which were 
to be fulfilled after his death, and of which no man could have 
formed any conjecture. He has given even the number of years from 
the return of the people to the building of the Temple, and also to 
the death of Christ. But we must come to the other witnesses, who 
confirmed the predictions of Daniel. The Lord raised up three 
witnesses - Haggai, Zechariah, and Malachi. 
    The first condemned the sloth of the people; for, being intent 
on their own advantages, they all neglected the building of the 
Temple; and he shows that they were deservedly suffering punishment 
for their ingratitude; for they despised God their Deliverer, or at 
least honoured him less than they ought to have done, and deprived 
him of the worship due to him. He then encouraged them to hope for a 
complete restoration, and showed that there was no reason for them 
to be disheartened by difficulties, and that though they were 
surrounded by enemies, and had to bear many evils, and were 
terrified by threatening edicts, they ought yet to have entertained 
hope; for the Lord would perform the work which he had begun - to 
restore their ancient dignity to his people, and Christ also would 
at length come to secure the perfect happiness and glory of the 
    This is the sum of the whole. I now come to the words.

(Calvin... on the Prophet Haggai)

(continued in Part 2...)

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