Date:         Thu, 1 Dec 1994 16:54:10 CET
Sender:       Christian explanation of the Scriptures to Israel
From:         Teus Benschop 
Subject:      Deuteronomy 4
   1.    Introduction
   2.    Explanation
   3.    Questions
1. Introduction
This is  an issue of a  continuous explanation of  the Bible-book Dvarim,
that is Deuteronomy. If something is unclear in the explanation (they are
not easy), you are free to ask me.
The  explanations of the previous three chapters were given out under the
title  "The Scriptures opened", the numbers 2, 4  and 6. From now on, the
explanations will appear under the title "Deuteronomy ".
The Bible-text is taken from the King James version.
Deuteronomy 4.
Title: Stimulation to obedience. Cities of refuge. Ten Commandments
Short contents:
Moshe urges the nation to keep God's commandments. They may not add to or
take away something from these. He describes also the punishments for the
disobedient people,  and the blessings  for the obedient.  He reminds the
nation of the legislation on  the Sinai. He forbids  them to go to  serve
the  idols, by  strong threats  and blessing  promises. To bring  them to
obedience, Moshe reminds them of  God's great benefactions. He points out
the cities  of refuge on this side Jordan.  He begins with the repetition
of God's commandments.
2. Explanation
   1 Now therefore hearken, O Israel,  unto the statutes and unto  the
   judgments, which I  teach you, for  to do them,  that ye may  live,
   and go in and possess  the land which the LORD God  of your fathers
   giveth you.
Moshe (Moses)  wants that the people will listen  well to God's statutes.
He wants that they will  serve God. Not according to their own  will, but
according to God's commandments. The divine laws are the only good guide-
lines, according to  which the nation has  to live. When they  serve God,
than this has much benefit. Moshe adds the promise of the promised land.
   2  Ye shall  not add  unto the  word which  I command  you, neither
   shall ye  diminish ought from it, that ye may keep the commandments
   of the LORD your God which I command you.
The  nation is taught to keep God's Word  as the only guideline. They may
not add anything to the clear doctrine. No false apparent good invention,
to serve God in human  way. Nor may they subtract anything  from it. They
may  not think that God is satisfied  with less. They may not add and not
subtract something. But they must well keep the commandments, as they are
given, and do them.
   3 Your eyes have  seen what the LORD  did because of Baalpeor:  for
   all the men that followed  Baalpeor, the LORD thy God hath  destro-
   yed them from among you.
Moshe  had just commanded  that they should keep  the commandments of God
totally. Now he  presents the nation an  example. He shows what  has hap-
pened with the disobedient people.  A part of the people committed idola-
try with Baalpeor.  And what was the  result of that? "And  Israel joined
himself unto  Baalpeor: and the  anger of  the LORD  was kindled  against
Israel," Bemidbar/Numbers 25:3. The anger of God killed the idolaters. As
Moshe says, everyone has seen it, because they were hung public. "And the
LORD  said unto Moshe, Take all the heads of the people, and hang them up
before the LORD against the sun, that the fierce anger of the LORD may be
turned  away from Israel",  Bemidbar/Numbers 25:4. Moshe  represents this
frightening example  to the eyes of the  people. It is to  hope that they
keep this  in  their minds,  and do  not  dare to  transgress God's  com-
   4 But  ye that did  cleave unto the  LORD your God are  alive every
   one of you this day.
Moshe  does not only  represent the death,  but also the  life. They, who
transgressed, were killed. But they, who were not joined to Baalpeor, and
not committed  idolatry, they  kept alive.  So Moshe represents  both the
death and the  life. "See, I have set before thee this day life and good,
and death and evil," Dvariem/Deuteronomy 30:15.
   5  Behold, I have  taught you statutes  and judgments, even  as the
   LORD my  God commanded me, that ye should do so in the land whither
   ye go to possess it.
   6  Keep therefore and  do them;  for this is  your wisdom  and your
   understanding in  the sight  of the nations,  which shall hear  all
   these statutes, and  say, Surely this  great nation is  a wise  and
   understanding people.
Moshe recommends the maintenance of  God's commandments. He does this, so
that the people will voluntarily  keep the commandments. That is pleasant
for God. Moshe says that they will be called wise and understanding, when
they keep  God's commandments.  And this  is the  truth. Who  keeps God's
commandments, it will go well with him.
   7  For what nation  is there so  great, who  hath God so  nigh unto
   them, as the LORD  our God is in all  things that we call upon  him
Moshe raises the  Jewish nation far above the heathen. And justly. For as
many as the nation called unto  God, as often He showed His help to them.
It is  true that  the heathens  think to  have gods, but  these are  dumb
images, more not. However the God of Israel is a living God, Who helps in
   8 And what nation is  there so great, that hath statutes  and judg-
   ments so  righteous as all  this law, which  I set before  you this
   9  Only take  heed to thyself,  and keep thy  soul diligently, lest
   thou  forget the things which  thine eyes have  seen, and lest they
   depart from thy heart all  the days of thy life: but teach them thy
   sons, and thy sons' sons;
Moshe again  urges the  people to  forget not  all what  they have  seen.
People are  inclined to  forget rapidly  some things. Especially  when it
concerns the service of  God. Moshe again reminds them of  this. They may
not forget  it. Also,  their children  and their grandchildren  must hear
these things.  Moshe tells  here that  these things  may not depart  from
their heart.  And truly this is needed. To some  people, the deeds of God
are  known only in their  mind. They have not  a living impression of it.
This is without force, and it gives no benefit. It must be otherwise. The
things must  be in  the heart.  This means  that these  things make  deep
impression on the  man. That impression has to stay always. They must not
tell the happened things neutrally to their children. They must tell with
noticeable  impression. Only  on this  way, the  children will  sense the
truth of that.
   10 Specially the day that thou stoodest before the LORD thy God  in
   Chorev, when the  LORD said unto me, Gather me the people together,
   and I will make them hear my words, that they may learn to  fear me
   all  the days that  they shall live  upon the earth,  and that they
   may teach their children.
The nation stood at Chorev, and heard God's law there. Why has  God given
that law? The  goal of the law is,  as is said here,  to fear God. "Serve
the LORD with fear, and rejoice with trembling," Thilliem/Psalm 2:11.
   11 And ye came  near and stood under the mountain; and the mountain
   burned with fire  unto the midst of heaven,  with darkness, clouds,
   and thick darkness.
This nation has  seen something of God's  holiness. They stood under  the
mountain, and the  burning fire, and the  darkness, and the thunderstorm.
There was the sound of the trumpet, and the voice that spoke words.
   12 And  the LORD spake unto  you out of the  midst of the  fire: ye
   heard the voice of the words, but saw no similitude; only ye  heard
   a voice.
They have  seen no similitude. That is why they may not make images. Each
serving of  images is censured here. For God  is spiritual, and cannot be
seen by physical eyes. They saw no  similitude, but heard the words. From
this results that God wants to teach us only by His Word, not by images.
   13 And  he declared unto  you his covenant, which  he commanded you
   to  perform, even  ten commandments;  and  he wrote  them upon  two
   tables of stone.
   14  And the LORD  commanded me at  that time to  teach you statutes
   and  judgments, that  ye might  do them in  the land  whither ye go
   over to possess it.
God's  law is  not given to  be heard  only, but above  all the  doing is
important. The LORD wants to be served in the practice of our life.
   15 Take  ye therefore  good heed  unto yourselves;  for  ye saw  no
   manner  of similitude on  the day that  the LORD spake  unto you in
   Chorev out of the midst of the fire:
   16 Lest  ye corrupt yourselves,  and make you  a graven image,  the
   similitude of any figure, the likeness of male or female,
Moshe calls the matter with the  right name. Making images is not  only a
free activity.  No, it is  a corruption of  yourself. Moshe justly  calls
this so.  For the  later nation  Israel has  committed idolatry,  and has
corrupted himself with that. "And they left the house of the  LORD God of
their  fathers, and served groves and idols:  and wrath came upon Jehudah
and Jerusalem  for this  their trespass,"  Divre Hajamiem  B/2 Chronicles
   17 The likeness of any beast that is  on the earth, the likeness of
   any winged fowl that flieth in the air,
   18  The likeness  of  any thing  that creepeth  on the  ground, the
   likeness of any fish that is in the waters beneath the earth:
   19 And  lest thou lift  up thine  eyes unto  heaven, and when  thou
   seest  the sun, and the  moon, and the stars, even  all the host of
   heaven, shouldest be driven to worship  them, and serve them, which
   the LORD  thy God  hath divided  unto all  nations under  the whole
Moshe warns also against worshipping of the stars and the other celestial
bodies. Later, the nation has done also this. But by God's grace, now and
then a king  rose, who exterminated the idolatry,  as for example Joshie-
jahu. "And he  put down the idolatrous priests, whom the kings of Jehudah
had ordained to burn incense in the high places in the cities of Jehudah,
and in the  places round about Jerusalem;  them also that burned  incense
unto Baal,  to the sun, and  to the moon, and to the  planets, and to all
the host of heaven," Mlachiem B/2 Kings 23:5.
   20 But the LORD hath  taken you, and brought  you forth out of  the
   iron furnace, even out  of Egypt, to  be unto him  a people of  in-
   heritance, as ye are this day.
The service in Egypt has been so hard, that it is called an iron furnace.
But the LORD has rescued them  of that. Therefore the nation has the duty
to serve the LORD, their Saviour, with their whole heart. They may not be
so ungodly ungratefully, that they reject their Saviour. Moshe points out
God's great  grace to the  nation. They  have done nothing  by themselves
here. They have not gone out of Egypt by themselves, but "the children of
Israel went out with an high hand," Shmot 14:8.
   21  Furthermore the  LORD was  angry with  me for  your  sakes, and
   sware that I  should not go over Jordan,  and that I should  not go
   in unto that good land,  which the LORD thy God giveth thee  for an
   22 But I must  die in this land, I must not go  over Jordan: but ye
   shall go over, and possess that good land.
Moshe tells again  that he sinned because of the behaviour of the nation.
And that he, because  of that, not was allowed to enter  Kenaan. Why does
he tell this again now? He wants them make feel the better that they have
received a great grace from God. They made sin Moshe;  nevertheless, they
can go into Kenaan.  And Moshe not. Moshe  wants to humble the nation  by
this. They must feel  what a great,  undeserved grace they receive.  This
has to keep them humble. They must see that they receive all from God, in
undeserved grace.
   23 Take heed  unto yourselves, lest  ye forget the covenant  of the
   LORD your God, which he made with  you, and make you a graven  ima-
   ge,  or the  likeness of  any thing,  which the  LORD thy  God hath
   forbidden thee.
   24 For the LORD thy God is a consuming fire, even a jealous God.
God is a jealous God, Who not tolerates other gods besides Him. "I am the
LORD, and there is none else, there is no God beside me," Jeshajah/Isaiah
45:5. Moshe wants in all manners  to keep the nation from idolatry.  Here
he does it  by fear. The  LORD God cannot  allow sins. There will  come a
fire  out of  Him, which  consumes the  sinner.  "Consume them  in wrath,
consume them, that they may not be: and let them know  that God ruleth in
Yaakov unto the ends of the earth." Thilliem/Psalm 59:13. Moshe says that
God is a consuming fire. For  God has a terrible hatred and wrath against
both the  sin and the  sinner. When the  sinner does not  repent himself,
then God  punishes him with  temporal and eternal  punishments. These pu-
nishments are like  a burning  fire, which consumes  all. With this  com-
parison  Moshe wants  to keep the  nation back  from sin. The  future has
pointed out if the nation really has been kept from idolatry.
   25 When thou shalt beget children,  and children's children, and ye
   shall have  remained long in the  land, and shall  corrupt yoursel-
   ves,  and make a  graven image, or  the likeness of  any thing, and
   shall do evil in the  sight of the LORD thy God,  to provoke him to
When someone lives somewhere during a longer time, then he settles  down.
He feels himself at  home in his house, and begins  thinking that nothing
can happen to him. The same has happened to the nation Israel. The danger
could exist that they would deviate from God after a long time. Therefore
Moshe warns not only  the present people, but also when  they have become
old. He  also mentions their  children and their  grandchildren. He warns
them against idolatry.
   26 I call heaven  and earth to witness  against you this day,  that
   ye shall  soon utterly  perish from  off the  land whereunto ye  go
   over Jordan to possess it; ye shall not prolong your days upon  it,
   but shall utterly be destroyed.
When they  will commit idolatry,  than, as sure  as heaven and  earth are
visible,  and as sure  as they exist,  sure they will  perish. With this,
Moshe warns them with more impression. Each  time when they would see the
heaven and  the earth, they  had to think  about the punishment  on their
idolatry.  This means  simply that  they  must always  be  warned against
   27  And the LORD shall scatter you  among the nations, and ye shall
   be left few  in number among  the heathen,  whither the LORD  shall
   lead you.
   28 And  there ye shall  serve gods, the  work of men's  hands, wood
   and stone, which neither see, nor hear, nor eat, nor smell.
When the nation would commit idolatry with wood and stone, then God shall
scatter them  among the heathens.  Would they commit  idolatry in Kenaan?
Now they  will be  obliged to  serve the  idols, but in  the land  of the
heathen. Would they not have to  do with a God,  Who sees and hears  all?
Did they prefer the blind,  deaf and dead gods? Now they  will be obliged
to serve the blind, deaf and dumb idols. So, a just punishment. They will
receive what they searched.
   29 But if from thence thou shalt seek the LORD thy God,  thou shalt
   find him, if  thou seek him  with all  thy heart and  with all  thy
Moshe is not a hard person,  who only speaks about punishments. The  LORD
is also merciful. After He has beaten them, He will heal them. Moshe does
not want that the people shall be depressed by too much fear for God. God
is merciful and He forgives. Nevertheless, Moshe adds something. The LORD
does not  accept halfhearted repent.  The people are  inclined, when they
are in problems,  to pray to God. But when  the problems are solved, they
again  forget God. This is not more then  pretence. The LORD will only be
found  when one seeks  Him with his  whole heart and  in sincerity. Moshe
does  not say that they have to serve God without any fault. For there is
nobody who  can do  that. But  when there is  a sincere  heart, God  will
accept that in grace.
   30  When thou art  in tribulation,  and all  these things  are come
   upon thee, even  in the latter days, if  thou turn to the  LORD thy
   God, and shalt be obedient unto his voice;
The punishments of God have for this nation still another goal. They must
be brought  in fear. So that  they will seek the LORD and  return to Him.
When the  people bear the  punishment, only  as punishment for  the sins,
then they  would be  hardened by that.  But when they  know that  it will
bring forth  a good fruit,  then they can  bear it in  humility. All this
will  happen in the last of the  days. Then they will return to the LORD,
their God. Also, Hoshea/Hosea speaks about this return in the last of the
days. "Afterward shall the children  of Israel return, and seek  the LORD
their God, and  Davied their king; and shall fear the  LORD and his good-
ness  in the  latter days,"  Hoshea/Hosea  3:5. The  general  prophecy of
return  is sometimes  fulfilled in  the  history. But  this  prophecy, of
return in the  latter days,  has still to  be fulfilled. And  it will  be
fulfilled, because God is faithful.
   31 (For the LORD thy  God is a merciful  God;) he will not  forsake
   thee, neither destroy thee, nor forget  the covenant of thy fathers
   which he sware unto them.
God  is merciful. Has the nation left Him? God will not leave His nation.
Nation  Israel, when  you "shall  corrupt yourselves,  and make  a graven
image," Dvariem/Deuteronomy  4:25, God  will not  destroy you. For  He is
merciful. What does  Moshe say more? Why is God gracious? Is God gracious
only because  He is merciful? Not only because  of that, but also because
He  is faithful to the  covenant that He has sworn  unto the fathers. "He
hath remembered his covenant for ever,  the word which he commanded to  a
thousand generations. Which  covenant he made with  Avraham, and his oath
unto Yitschak.  And confirmed  the same  unto Yaakov  for a  law, and  to
Israel  for an everlasting  covenant. Saying, Unto  thee will  I give the
land of Kenaan, the lot of your inheritance," Thilliem/Psalm 105:8-11.
   32 For  ask now of the days that are  past, which were before thee,
   since the  day that God  created man upon  the earth, and  ask from
   the one side of heaven unto the other, whether there hath been  any
   such thing as this great thing is, or hath been heard like it?
Moshe reminds them of the legislation at the mountain Sinai. This  legis-
lation was  very holy,  terrible and  excellent. This has  never happened
before. One can seek through the whole world, and from the one end of the
sky to the other end.  Nowhere has been such a thing,  and never is heard
this. From this  is clear the extraordinary  holiness of God, and  of His
   33 Did ever people  hear the voice of God speaking out of the midst
   of the fire, as thou hast heard, and live?
This is something totally else then the pagan fables. It is true that the
heathens tell stories about  their gods, but nobody  has seen them.  With
Israel it  is totally else.  The whole  nation saw the  fire of  God, and
heard His voice.
   34 Or hath God assayed to go  and take him a nation from  the midst
   of another  nation, by temptations, by  signs, and by  wonders, and
   by war,  and by a mighty  hand, and by a stretched  out arm, and by
   great terrors, according to  all that the LORD your God did for you
   in Egypt before your eyes?
The people have not only  seen the fire at the Sinai,  but they also have
seen God's plagues in Egypt. They also have seen the extermination of the
Egyptian  army in the  Red sea, when  the LORD had saved  them. "Thus the
LORD saved Israel that  day out of the hand of  the Egyptians; and Israel
saw the Egyptians dead upon the sea shore," Shmot 14:30.
   35 Unto thee  it was shewed, that thou mightest  know that the LORD
   he is God; there is none else beside him.
Why  showed God the miracles? Has  He done that so  that the nation would
see it, fear it, but further do nothing with it? Not therefore. It is, so
that they know that there is  only one LORD, and nobody more. "Thus saith
the LORD the King of Israel, and his redeemer the LORD of hosts; I am the
first, and I am the last; and beside me there is no God," Jeshajah/Isaiah
   36 Out of heaven he made thee to  hear his voice, that he might in-
   struct thee:  and upon  earth he  shewed thee  his great  fire; and
   thou heardest his words out of the midst of the fire.
   37 And  because he loved thy fathers, therefore he chose their seed
   after them,  and brought  thee out  in his  sight  with his  mighty
   power out of Egypt;
Why had  God brought  the nation  out of  Egypt? Has  He perhaps done  it
because the nation was so good?  Or because the nation loved God?  No, it
is not because of this. It has been free grace. God loved the forefathers
and has chosen  their seed. That is the reason  of the release of Israel.
Moshe emphasizes this. They must know well that there is no good in them,
which can exist before God. All the favour comes one-sided from God.
   38 To drive out nations from before thee greater  and mightier than
   thou  art, to bring  thee in,  to give thee  their land  for an in-
   heritance, as it is this day.
   39 Know therefore  this day, and consider  it in thine  heart, that
   the  LORD he is  God in heaven  above, and upon  the earth beneath:
   there is none else.
The intention of God's signs and  wonders is clearly said here. There  is
only one God, both in heaven and on the earth.
   40 Thou shalt  keep therefore his  statutes, and his  commandments,
   which I command thee this day,  that it may go well with  thee, and
   with thy  children after  thee, and  that thou  mayest prolong  thy
   days upon the earth, which the LORD thy God giveth thee, for ever.
God  has showed Himself very excellently. The  nation has seen this. This
is a spur for  them. They must keep God's laws. Who  not does that is not
to be pardoned. Now  God has showed Himself so clearly  and powerful. Who
still does not  have respect for that high God,  he is totally blind. One
must keep God's commandments. This serving of God, will that be difficult
or harmful? No, far from  that. It is very useful for them.  "Observe and
hear all these words which I command thee, that it may go well with thee,
and with thy children after thee for ever, when thou doest that  which is
good and  right in the  sight of the  LORD thy God,"  Dvariem/Deuteronomy
   41 Then Moshe severed three  cities on this side Jordan toward  the
   42  That the  slayer  might flee  thither,  which  should kill  his
   neighbour  unawares, and  hated him  not  in times  past; and  that
   fleeing unto one of these cities he might live:
   43 Namely, Betser in  the wilderness, in the plain country,  of the
   Reubenites;  and Ramoth  in Gilad,  of  the Gadites;  and Golan  in
   Bashan, of the Manassiem.
   44  And this  is the  law which  Moshe set  before the  children of
   45 These are the testimonies, and  the statutes, and the judgments,
   which Moshe  spake unto  the children  of Israel,  after they  came
   forth out of Egypt,
   46 On this  side Jordan,  in the valley  over against Bethpeor,  in
   the land of  Siechon king of the  Amorites, who dwelt  at Cheshbon,
   whom Moshe and  the children of Israel smote, after  they were come
   forth out of Egypt:
   47 And they possessed his land, and the land of  Og king of Bashan,
   two kings of the  Amorites, which were  on this side Jordan  toward
   the sunrising;
   48 From  Aroer, which is by the bank  of the river Arnon, even unto
   mount Tsion, which is Chermon,
   49 And all the  plain on this side  Jordan eastward, even unto  the
   sea of the plain, under the springs of Pisgah.
Moshe again repeats  the benefactions of God,  which He had given  to the
nation  Israel. These  benefactions should  spur on  the people,  to keep
God's commandments all the more.
In this part are written several things, which are instructive for us. In
verse two, Moshe says that we may  add nothing to God's Word. And that we
nothing may  subtract something from  it. This means that  Tanach, as the
Word of God, is our only standard for all things. When we read also human
writings besides Tanach,  then we have to compare  these with God's Word.
When there are differences  between them, then Tanach  is right, but  the
human writing is wrong. Then we reject that writing. Student, perhaps you
know people in  your neighbourhood, who put  several human writings above
Tanach. They add words, or take words away. Just if Moshe had not forbid-
den that. What says Tanach about this sort of people? "Add thou  not unto
his  words, lest  he  reprove thee,  and  thou  be found  a liar,"  Mish-
lee/Proverbs 30:6. Tanach warns us not to add to God's words.  When some-
body still does it, he will be punished. Tanach  calls such a man a liar.
So, when someone  tells us that a  human writing has more  authority then
Tanach, we have  to consider him  as a liar.  Stay far from this  sort of
liars. They are dangerous,  and keep us from God. Tanach  only has autho-
There is still more instructive stuff in this chapter. There is  written:
"For the LORD thy God is a consuming fire, even a jealous God," Dvariem/-
Deuteronomy 4:24. Does  this mean that He  is a consuming fire?  It means
that this holy God cannot go together with the profane sinner. The sinner
is consumed by God's fire. This is also said on another place  in Tanach.
"Thine hand  shall find out all thine enemies:  thy right hand shall find
out  those that hate  thee. Thou shalt  make them as a  fiery oven in the
time of thine anger: the LORD shall swallow them up in his wrath, and the
fire shall  devour them," Thilliem/Psalm  21:8,9. This is  the destiny of
the disobedient sinners. The LORD  promises to devour them. And  God will
surely do what He promises. From  this, the nation has seen a good  exam-
ple. God promised to bring them in Kenaan, and He has until now fulfilled
His promise. For  the nation is  now situated before the  borders. There-
fore, as is  said, God does what He promises.  God promised to devour the
sinners, and He will surely do  it. That nation in the desert, was it not
wicked? Surely, very  wicked. "Remember, and forget  not, how thou provo-
kedst the LORD thy God to wrath in the wilderness: from the day that thou
didst depart out  of the land of Egypt, until ye came unto this place, ye
have been rebellious against the LORD," Dvariem/Deuteronomy 9:7.  We also
are sinners, because  at another place Tanach says that there is none who
does  well. "God looked down from heaven upon the children of men, to see
if there were  any that did understand,  that did seek God.  Every one of
them is gone  back: they are altogether become filthy; there is none that
doeth good,  no, not one," Thilliem/Psalm 53:3,4. We learn from this that
both that nation and we must be consumed by the anger  of God. But now we
notice something remarkable.  It is  true that the  nation stood at  that
mountain, but  it is  not devoured. How  is this  possible? Is  this ever
heard before? "For ask now of the  days that are past, which were  before
thee, since the day that God created man upon the earth, and ask from the
one side of heaven unto the other, whether there hath been any such thing
as  this great thing  is, or hath been  heard like it."  "Did ever people
hear the voice of God speaking out of the midst of the fire, as thou hast
heard, and live?" Dvariem/Deuteronomy 4:32,33. How is this possible?  God
promised to devour  the sinners, but  they stayed alive.  Is it not  true
that God always does that, what  He promised? Yes, He does it always. But
how  is this possible then? His anger is  truly kindled. But His anger is
kindled against  somebody else. Against whom? Against  Moshe? No, because
also Moshe was not devoured. Against whom then? Against whom the anger is
kindled, that  is not  written in this  chapter. It  is written  in other
parts  of Tanach.  "But  he was  wounded for  our transgressions,  he was
bruised  for our iniquities: the chastisement  of our peace was upon him;
and with his stripes we  are healed," Jeshajah/Isaiah 53:5. Against this,
who is mentioned here,  Gods anger is kindled. Who is  he? It is the Ser-
vant of  the LORD, the  Righteous. "He shall  see of  the travail of  his
soul, and shall be satisfied: by his knowledge shall my righteous servant
justify many; for he shall bear their iniquities," Jeshajah/Isaiah 53:11.
It is possible  that you know about yourself that you cannot exist before
God.  Because of  your sins.  When this  is so, then  you must  know that
redemption is possible. Pray  the LORD and ask if this  Righteous may pay
also for your sins. So that you become free from guilt. When you are free
from guilt, then you can exist before God.
Read  now verse  37. In this  verse is written  why the  nation Israel is
brought out  of Egypt to  the land Kenaan.  Is it because  they have done
their best? Is it because of their obedience? Because of their serving of
God? Nothing  from this all. That the people not have done their best, we
know that  from their  behaviour in the  desert. Also  from this  we know
their disobedience  and idolatry.  But why is  it that God  had delivered
them? "Because he loved thy fathers,  therefore he chose their seed after
them, and  brought thee out  in his  sight with his  mighty power  out of
Egypt," Dvariem/Deuteronomy 4:37. Here we have the answer. Moshe has said
it.  It is because of God's love to the fathers. And it is because of the
election of the people. The people do not receive Kenaan because of their
merits. For they had no merit.  But they receive the land in grace.  What
applied to Israel then, applies still now. The state Israel exists. Is it
because of their  serving of God? No, because they serve  God not at all.
Why do  they receive the  land? Also, this  has happened in  the grace of
God.  How is it with  us? We also receive  daily all things  from God. We
still live. We  have still food and  accommodation. Is it because  of our
merit? No, only in grace. The LORD, Who gives all things so abundantly to
us, is worthy to be served. Is this serving a hard labour? For the unwil-
ling people it is. But not for them, who are made willing. Listen to what
Moshe says  from it.  "Thou shalt  keep therefore his  statutes, and  his
commandments, which  I command thee  this day, that  it may go  well with
thee, and with thy children after thee, and that thou mayest  prolong thy
days upon  the earth,  which the  LORD thy  God giveth  thee, for  ever,"
Dvariem/Deuteronomy 4:40.
3. Questions
If you want to gain more benefit from the explanation, you could consider
to answer  the questions and  do the  tasks. You  can send  these to  the
editor. He will look at it, and return them to you with his comments.
1  What happens with those, who transgress the commandments of God?
2  The mountain burned of fire. What does this fire mean?
3  Because of which reason may we make no idols?
4  All, on which we rely besides God, are idols.
   a. Do you rely on something, besides God?
   b. If so, are these idols?
   c. What will God do with the idolaters?
5  Moshe was not allowed to enter the land Kenaan. What was the reason?
6  The Jewish  nation has been  scattered among the heathens  during many
   centuries.  Now, many are still scattered. What was the reason of this
7  The LORD is merciful, see verse 29, 30 en 31.
   a. Why is He merciful, according to verse 31?
   b. For who is He mercifully, according to verse 29 en 30?
8  a. Is the prophecy of Hoshea/Hosea 3:5 already fulfilled one day?
   b. Why or why not?
9  Read verse 37.
   a. Why has God brought Israel out of Egypt?
   b. Which have to be the results for the nation, according to verse 40?
10 One may not put human writings above God's Word.
   a. Do you know human writings, which are put above the Word?
   b. If so, do you award authority to those writings?
11 a. What will God do with the stiffnecked sinners?
   b. How can you escape from the punishment?
12 Does the present  state Israel exist  because the present  inhabitants
   obey God so well?
1  Moshe forbids in verse two to change something in God's Word. Seek the
   same in Dvariem/Deuteronomy 12.
2  The LORD, our God, is a consuming fire, according verse 24. Seek other
   places, where  the  same is  written. Seek  in Dvariem/Deuteronomy  9,
   Jeshajah/Isaiah  33,  Jirmejah/Jeremiah  21,  Nachum/Nahum  1,  Tsfan-
   jah/Zephaniah 1.
3  The LORD, our God,  is a merciful God, see verse 31.  Seek the same in
   Shemot/Exodus  34,  Nchemjah/Nehemiah  9,   Thilliem/Psalm  86,  Thil-
   liem/Psalm 145, Jonah 4, Michah/Micah 7.
Chr-Exp, a Christian explanation of the Tanach and the New Testament
Editor: Teus Benschop
No copyrights on this publication
Translated by a Dutchman
Institution Practical Bible-education, the Netherlands