Flavel, Fountain of Life, File 23.
( ...continued from File 22)
Sermon 23. The first Preparation for Christ's Death, on his Enemies 
Part, by the treason at Judas. 
Matth. 26:47,48,49. 
And while he yet spake, lo, Judas, one of the twelve, came, and with 
him a great multitude with swords and staves, from the chief priests 
and elders of the people. Now he that betrayed him gave them a sign, 
saying, Whomsoever I shall kiss, that same is he: hold him fast. And 
forthwith he came to Jesus, and said, Hail, master; and kissed him. 
The former sermons give you an account how Christ improved every 
moment of his time, with busy diligence, to make himself ready for 
his death. He has commended his charge to the Father, instituted the 
blessed memorial of his death, poured out his soul to God in the 
garden, with respect to the grievous sufferings he should undergo; 
and now he is ready, and waits for the coming of the enemies, being 
first in the field. 
    And think you that they were idle on their parts? No, no, their 
malice made them restless. They had agreed with Judas to betray him. 
Under his conduct, a band of soldiers was sent to apprehend him. The 
hour, so long expected, is come. For "while he yet spake," saith the 
text, "lo, Judas, one of the twelve, came, and with him a great 
multitude, with swords and staves." 
    These words contain the first preparative act, on their part, 
for the death of Christ, even to betray him, and that by one of his 
own disciples. Now they execute what they had plotted, ver. 14, 15. 
And in this paragraph you have an account, 1. Of the traitor, who he 
was. 2. Of the treason, what he did. 3. Of the manner of its 
execution, how it was contrived and effected. Lastly, Of the time, 
when they put this hellish plot in execution. 
    1. We have here a description of the traitor: and it is 
remarkable how carefully the several Evangelists have described him, 
both by his name, surname, and office, "Judas, Judas Iscariot, Judas 
Iscariot, one of the twelve;" that he might not be mistaken for Jude 
or Judas the apostle. God is tender of the names and reputations of 
his upright-hearted servants. His office, "one of the twelve," is 
added to aggravate the fact, and to show how that prophecy was 
accomplished in him, Psal. 41: 9. "Yea, mine own familiar friend, in 
whom I trusted, which did eat of my bread, has lift up his heel 
against me." Lo, this was the traitor, and this was his name and 
    2. You have a description of the treason, or an account what 
this man did. He led an armed multitude to the place where Christ 
was, gave them a signal to discover him, and encouraged them to lay 
hands on him, and hold him fast. This was that hellish design which 
the devil put into his heart, working upon that principle, or lust 
of covetousness, which was predominant there. What will not a carnal 
heart attempt, if the devil suit a temptation to the predominant 
lust, and God withhold restraining grace! 
    3. You have here the way and manner in which the hellish plot 
was executed. It was managed both with force and with fraud. He 
comes with a multitude, armed with swords and staves, in case they 
should meet with any resistance. And he comes to him with a kiss, 
which was their signal, lest they should mistake the man. For they 
aimed neither at small nor great, save only at the King of Israel, 
the King of glory. Here was much ado, you see, to take a harmless 
Lamb, that did not once start from them, but freely offered himself 
to them. 
    4. And lastly, When this treasonable design was executed upon 
Christ. And it was executed upon him while he stood among his 
disciples, exhorting them to prayer and watchfulness, dropping 
heavenly and most seasonable counsels upon them. "While he yet 
spake, lo, Judas, and with him a multitude, came with swords and 
staves." Surely, it is no better than a Judas's trick, to disturb 
and afflict the servants of God in the discharge of their duties. 
This was the traitor and his treason; thus it was executed and at 
this time. Hence we observe, 
    Doct. That is was the lot of our Lard Jesus Christ, to be 
    betrayed into the hands of his mortal enemies, by the 
    assistance of a false and dissembling friend. 
    Look, as Joseph was betrayed and sold by his brethren; David by 
Achitophel, his old friend; Samson by Delilah, that lay in his 
bosom; so Christ by Judas, one of the twelve; a man, his friend, his 
familiar, that had been so long conversant with him: he that by 
profession had lifted up his hand to Christ, now by treason lifts up 
his heel against him; he bids the soldiers bind those blessed hands, 
that not long before had washed the traitor's feet. 
    In the point before us, we will, 
    First, Consider Judas, according to that eminent station and 
place he had under Christ. 
    Secondly, We will consider his treason, according to the 
several aggravations of it. 
    Thirdly, We will enquire into the cause or motives that put him 
upon such a dreadful, hellish design as this was. 
    Fourthly, and lastly, we will view the issue, and see the event 
of this treason, both as to Christ and as to himself. And then apply 
    First, As for the person that did this, he was very eminent by 
reason of that dignity Christ had raised him to. For, 
    1. He was one of the twelve; one retained not in a more 
general, and common, but in the nearest, and most intimate and 
honourable relation and service to Jesus Christ. There were in 
Christ's time several sorts and ranks of persons that had relation 
to him. There were secret disciples; men that believed, but kept 
their stations, and abode with their relations in their callings. 
There were seventy also whom Christ sent forth; but none of these 
were so much with Christ or so eminent in respect of their place, as 
the twelve, they were Christ's family, day and night conversant with 
him: it was the highest dignity that was conferred upon any: and of 
this number was Judas. The ancients have much extolled the 
apostolical dignity. Some stiled these twelve, pedes Christi, the 
feet of Christ: because they, as it were, carried Christ up and down 
the world. Others, oculi Dei, the very eyes of God; they were his 
watchmen, that took care for the concernments of his name and gospel 
in the world. Others, mammae ecclesiae, the breasts of the church; 
they fed and nourished the children of God by their doctrine. Now, 
to be one of this number, one of the twelve, what a dignity was 
    2. Yea, he being one of the twelve, was daily conversant with 
Christ: often joined with him in prayer, often sat at his feet, 
bearing the gracious words that came out of his mouth. It was one of 
Austin's three wishes, that he had seen Christ in the flesh: Judas 
not only saw him but dwelt with him, travelled with him, and eat and 
drank with him. And during the whole time of his abode with him, all 
Christ's carriage towards him was very obliging and winning; yea, 
such was the condescension of Christ to this wretched man, that he 
washed his feet, and that but a little before betrayed him. 
    3. He was a man of unsuspected integrity among the apostles. 
When Christ told them, One of you shall betray me; none thought on 
him, but every one rather suspected himself; Lord, is it I? saith 
one, and so said they all; but none pointed at Judas, saying, Thou 
art he. 
    4. To conclude, in some respect, he was preferred to the rest. 
For he had not only a joint commission with them to preach the 
gospel to others, (though, poor unhappy wretch, himself became a 
cast-away) but he had a peculiar office, he bare the bag, i.e. he 
was Almoner, or the steward of the family, to take care to provide 
for the necessary accommodations of Christ and them. Now who could 
ever have suspected, that such a man as this should have sold the 
blood of Christ for a little money? that ever he should have proved 
a perfidious traitor to his Lord, who had called him, honoured him, 
and carried himself so tenderly towards him? And yet so it was; "Lo, 
Judas, one of the twelve, came, and with him a multitude:" O whither 
will not a busy devil and a bad heart carry a man! 
    Secondly, But what did this man do? and what are the just 
aggravations of his fact? Why, he most basely and unworthily sold 
and delivered Christ into his enemies hands, to be butchered and 
destroyed; and all this for thirty pieces of silver. 
    Blush, O heavens, and be astonished, O earth, at this! In this 
fact, most black and horrid aggravations appear. 
    1. Judas had seen the majesty of a God on him whom he betrayed. 
He had seen the miracles that Christ wrought, which none but Christ 
could do. He knew that by the finger of God he had raised the dead, 
cast out devils, healed the sick. He could not choose but observe 
and see the rays and awful beams of divine majesty shining in his 
very face, in his doctrine, and in his life; to betray a man, to 
sell the blood of the poorest innocent in the world, is horrid; but 
to sell the blood of God, O what is this! Here is a wickedness that 
no epithet can match! Yea, 
    2. This wickedness he committed after personal warnings and 
premonitions given him by Christ, he had often told them in general, 
that one of them should betray him, Mark 14: 20. He also denounced a 
dreadful woe upon him that should do it, ver. 21. "the Son of man 
goes indeed, as it is written of him; but wo to that man by whom the 
Son of man is betrayed; good had it been for that man if he had 
never been born." This was spoken in Judas's presence. And one would 
have thought so dreadful a doom as Christ passed upon the man! that 
should attempt this, should have affrighted him far enough from the 
thoughts of such a wickedness. Nay, Christ comes nearer to him than 
this, and told him he was the man: for when Judas (who was the last 
that put the question to Christ) asked him, "Master, is it I?" 
Christ's answer imports as much as a plain affirmation, "Thou hast 
said," Matt. 26: 25. Moreover, 
    3. He does it not out of a blind zeal against Christ, as many 
of his other enemies did; of whom it is said, 1 Cor. 2: 8. "That had 
they known him, they would not have crucified the Lord of glory:" 
but he did it for money to make his market of Christ. He sold Christ 
as a man would sell an ox, or a sheep to the butcher for profit. He 
was fully of the mind of the Pope, whose motto was "The smell or 
savour of gain is sweet? let it arise out of what it will." If he 
can get any thing by Christ's blood, it shall be a vendible 
commodity with him. "what will ye give me, (saith he) and I will 
betray him?" Matth. 26: 15. 
    4. He sells him, and he sells him at a low rate too, which 
showed how vile an esteem he had of Christ. He is content to part 
with him for thirty pieces of silver. If these pieces, or shekels, 
were the shekels of the sanctuary, they amounted but to three pounds 
fifteen shillings. But it is supposed they were the common shekels, 
which were mostly used in buying and selling; and then his price, 
that he put upon the Saviour of the world, was but one pound 
seventeen shillings and six pence. A goodly price (as the prophet 
calls it) that he was valued at! Zech. 11: 12,13. I confess, it is a 
wonder, he asked no more, knowing how much they longed for his 
blood; and that they offered no more for him: how then should the 
scriptures have been fulfilled? O what a sale was this! to sell that 
blood, which all the gold and silver in the world is not worth one 
drop of, for a trifle! still the wickedness of the fact rises higher 
and higher. 
    5. He left Christ in a most heavenly and excellent employment, 
when he went to make this soul-undoing bargain. For if he went away 
from the table, as some think, then he left Christ instituting and 
administering those heavenly signs of his body and blood: there he 
saw, or might have seen, the bloody work he was going about, acted 
as in a figure before him. If he sat out that ordinance, as others 
suppose he did, then he left Christ singing an heavenly hymn, and 
preparing to go where Judas was preparing to meet him. When the Lord 
Jesus was in the most serious and heavenly exercise, the wretch 
slinked away from him into the city, or else went under pretence to 
buy some necessaries. But his design was not to buy, but to sell, 
whatever his pretences were. Nay, 
    What he did, was not done by the persuasions of any. The high- 
priest sent not for him, and without doubt, was surprised when he 
came to him on such on errand. For it could never enter into any of 
their hearts, that any of his own disciples could ever be drawn into 
a confederacy against Him. No, he went as a volunteer, offering 
himself to this work: which still heightens the sin, and makes it 
out of measure sinful. 
    7. The manner in which he executes his treasonable design adds 
further malignity to the fact, He comes to Christ with fawning words 
and carriage, "Hail, Master, and kissed him." Here is honey in the 
tongue, and poison in the heart. Here is hatred hid under lying 
lips. This was the man; and this was his fact. Let us enquire, 
    Thirdly, The cause and motives of this wickedness, how he came 
to attempt and perpetrate such a villany. Maldonate the Jesuit 
criminates the Protestant divines, for affirming that God had a hand 
in ordering and over-ruling this fact. 
    But we say, that Satan and his own lust was the impulsive cause 
of it: that God, as it was a wicked treason, permitted it; and as it 
was a delivering Christ to death, was not only the permitter, but 
the wise and holy director and orderer of it, and in the wisdom of 
his providence over-ruled it, to the great good and advantage of the 
church; in respect of which happy issue, Judas's treason is called 
foelix scelus, "a happy wickedness." Satan inspired the motion, Luke 
23: 3, 4. "Then entered Satan into Judas, surnamed Iscariot, and he 
went his way", &c. his own lusts, like dry tinder, kindled 
presently: his heart was covetous; there was predisposed matter 
enough for the devil to work on, so that it was but touch and take. 
Ver. 25. They covenanted to give him money, and he promised, &c. 
    The holy God disposed and ordered all this to the singular 
benefit and good of his people: Acts 4: 28. they did whatsoever "his 
hand and counsel had before determined to be done." And by this 
determinate counsel of God, he was taken and slain, Acts 2: 23. Yet 
this no ways excuses the wickedness of the instruments: for what 
they did, was done from the power of their own lusts, most wickedly; 
what he did was done in the unsearchable depth of his own wisdom, 
most holy. God knows how to serve his own ends by the very sins of 
men, and yet have no communion at all in the sin he so over-rules. 
If a man let a dog out of his hand in pursuit of a hare, the dog 
hunts merely for a prey; but he that lets him go, uses the sagacity 
and nimbleness of the dog to serve his own ends by it. Judas minded 
nothing but his own advantage to get money: God permitted that lust 
to work, but over ruled the issue to his own eternal glory, and the 
salvation of our souls. 
    Fourthly and lastly, But what was the end and issue of this 
fact? As to Christ, it was his death; for the hour being come, he 
does not meditate an escape, nor put forth the power of his Godhead 
to deliver himself out of their hands. Indeed he shewed what he 
could do, when he made them go back and stagger with a word. He 
could have obtained more than twelve legions of angels to have been 
his life-guard; one of whom had been sufficient to have coped with 
all the Roman legions: but how then should the scriptures have been 
fulfilled, or our salvation accomplished? No, he resists not, but 
Judas, delivering him into their hands at that time, was his death. 
    And what got he as a reward of his wickedness? It ended in the 
ruin both of his soul and body. For immediately a death-pang of 
despair seized his conscience; which was so intolerable, that he ran 
to the halter for a remedy; and so falling headlong, he burst 
asunder, and all his bowels gushed out, Acts 1: 18. And now he that 
had no bowels for Christ, has none for himself. As for his soul, it 
went to its own place, ver. 25. even the place appointed for the son 
of perdition, as Christ calls him, John 17: 12. His name retains an 
odious stench to this day, and shall to all generations: it is a bye- 
word, a proverb of reproach. This was his end; we will next improve 
    Corollary 1. Hence in the first place we learn, That the 
greatest professors had need to be jealous of their own hearts, and 
look well to the grounds and principles of their professions. One of 
the ancients would have had this epitaph engraven upon Judas's 
tomb-stone, "eis eme tis horaon eusebes ekso", "Let every one that 
beholds me, learn to be godly indeed, to be sincere in his 
profession, and to love Christ more unfeignedly than I did." O 
professors, look to your foundation, and build not upon the sand, as 
this poor creature did. That is sound advice, indeed, which the 
apostle gives, 1 Cor. 10: 12. "Let him that thinks he standeth, take 
heed lest he fall." O beware of a loose foundation. If you begin 
your profession as Judas did, no wonder if it shall end as his did. 
    1. Beware therefore that you hold not the truth in 
unrighteousness: Judas did so: he knew much, but lived not up to 
what he knew, for he was still of a worldly spirit in the height of 
his profession. His knowledge never had any saving influence upon 
his heart, he preached to others, but he himself was a cast-away. He 
had much light, but still walked in darkness. He had no knowledge to 
do himself good. 
    2. Beware you live not in a course of secret sin. Judas did so, 
and that was his ruin. He made a profession indeed, and carried it 
smoothly but he was a thief, John 12: 6. He made no conscience of 
committing the sin, so he could but cover and hide it from men. This 
helped on his ruin, and so it will thine, reader, if thou be guilty 
herein. A secret way of sinning, under the covert of profession, 
will either break out at last to the observation of men, or else 
slide thee down insensibly to hell, and leave thee there only this 
comfort, that no body shall know thou art there. 
    3. Beware of hypocritical pretences of religion to accommodate 
self-ends. Judas was a man that had notable skill this way. He had a 
mind to fill his own purse, by the sale of that costly ointment 
which Mary bestowed upon our Saviour's feet. And what a neat cover 
had he fitted for it, to do his business clearly; Why, saith he, 
"This might have been sold for three hundred pence, and given to the 
poor." Here was charity to the poor, or rather poor charity; for 
this was only a blind to his base self ends. O Christian, be plain 
hearted, take heed of craft and cunning in matters of religion: This 
spoiled Judas. 
    4. Beware of self-confidence. Judas was a very confident man of 
himself. "Last of all, Judas said, Master, is it I?" Matth. 26: 25. 
But he that was last in the suspicion was first in the 
transgression. "He that trusteth in his own heart, is a fool," saith 
Solomon, Prov. 28: 26. Such a fool was this great professor. It will 
be your wisdom to keep a jealous eye upon your own hearts; and still 
suspect their fairest pretences. 
    5. If you will not do as Judas did, nor come to such an end as 
he did, take heed you live not unprofitably under the means of 
grace. Judas had the best means of grace that ever man enjoyed. He 
heard Christ himself preach, he joined often with him in prayer, but 
he was never the better for it all; it was but as the watering of a 
dead stick, which will never make it grow, but rot it the sooner. 
Never was there a rotten branch so richly watered as he was. O it is 
a sad sign and a sad sin too, when men and women live under the 
gospel from year to year, and are never the better. I warn you to 
beware of these evils, all ye that profess religion. Let these 
footsteps by which Judas went down to his own place, terrify you 
from following him in them. 
    Corollary 2. Learn hence also, That eminent knowledge and 
profession put a special and eminent aggravation upon sin. Judas 
Iscariot, one of the twelve. Poor wretch! better had it been for 
him, if he had never been numbered with them, nor enlightened with 
so much knowledge as he was endowed with: for this rent his 
conscience to pieces, when he reflected on what he had done, and 
presently run into the gulph of despair. To sin against clear light, 
is to sin with an high hand. It is that which makes a sad waste of 
the conscience. That, without doubt, which now torments this poor 
soul in hell, is that he should go against his light, against his 
profession, to gratify a base lust to his eternal ruin. Had he known 
no better, it had been more excusable. Those that had a hand in the 
death of Christ, through mistake and ignorance, were capable to 
receive the pardon of their sin by that blood they so shed, Acts 3: 
17,19 compared. Take heed therefore of abusing knowledge, and 
putting a force upon conscience. 
    Corollary 3. Learn hence in the third place, That unprincipal 
professors will sooner or later become shameful apostates. Judas was 
an unprincipled professor, and see what he came to; ambition invited 
Simon Magus to the profession of Christ, he would be "eis megas", 
"some great one," and how quickly did the rottenness of his 
principles discover itself in the ruin of his profession? That which 
wants a root, must needs wither, as Christ speaks, Matth. 13: 20, 
21. That which is the predominant interest, will prevail, and sway 
with us in the day of our trial. Hear me, all you that profess 
religion, and have given your names to Christ; if that profession be 
not built upon a solid and real work of grace upon your hearts, you 
shall never honour religion, nor save your souls by it. O it is your 
union with Christ, that, like a spring, maintains your profession. 
"So much as you are united to Christ, so much constancy, steadiness, 
and evenness, you will manifest in the duties of religion, and no 
    O brethren, when he that professes Christ for company, shall be 
left alone as Paul was; when he that makes religion a stirrup to 
help himself into the saddle of preferment and honour, shall see 
that he is so advanced to be drawn forth into Christ's camp and 
endure the heat of the day, and not to take his pleasure; in a word, 
when he shall see all things about him discouraging and threatening, 
his dearest interest on earth exposed for religion's sake, and he 
has no faith to balance his present losses with his future hopes; I 
say, when it comes to this, you shall then see the rottenness of 
many hearts discovered; and Judas may have many fellows, who will 
part with Christ for the world, as he did. O therefore look well to 
your foundation. 
    Corollary 4. Moreover, in this example of Judas you may read 
this truth; That men and women are never in more imminent danger, 
than when they meet with temptations exactly suited to their master- 
lusts, to their own iniquity. O pray, pray, that ye may be kept from 
a violent suitable temptation. Satan knows that when a man is tried 
here, he falls by the root. The love of this world was all along 
Judas' master sin, and some conjecture he was a married man, and had 
a great charge; but that is conjectural: this was his predominant 
lust. The devil found out this, and suited it with a temptation 
which fully hit his humour, and it carries him immediately. This is 
the dangerous crisis of the soul. Now you shall see what it is, and 
what it will do. Put money before Judas, and presently you shall see 
what the man is. 
    Corollary 5. Hence, in like manner, we are instructed, That no 
man knows where he shall stop, when he first engages himself in a 
way of sin. 
    Wickedness, as well as holiness, is not born in its full 
strength, but grows up to it by insensible degrees. So did the 
wickedness of Judas. I believe, he himself never thought he should 
have done what he did; and if any should have told him, in the first 
beginning of his profession, Thou shalt sell the blood of Christ for 
money, thou shalt deliver him most perfidiously into their hands 
that seek his life; he would have answered as Hazael did to Elisha, 
"But what, is thy servant a dog, that he should do this great 
thing?" 2 Kings 8: 13. His wickedness first discovered itself in 
murmuring and discontent, taking a pique at some small matters 
against Christ, as we may find, by comparing John 6 from verse 60 to 
70, with John 12 from verse 3 to 9. but see to what it grows at 
last. That lust or temptation that at first is but a little cloud as 
big as a man's hand, may quickly overspread the whole heaven. It is 
our engaging in sin, as in the motion of a stone down the hill, 
vires acquirit eundo, "it strengthens itself by going;" and the 
longer it runs, the more violent. Beware of the smallest beginnings 
of temptations. No wise man will neglect or slight the smallest 
spark of fire, especially if he see it among many barrels of 
gun-powder. You carry gun-powder about you, O take heed of sparks. 
    Corollary 6. Did Judas sell Christ for money? What a potent 
conqueror is this love of this world! How many has it cast down 
wounded! What great professors have been dragged at its chariot 
wheels as its captives? Hymenaeus and Philetus, Ananias and 
Sapphire, Demas and Judas, with thousands and ten thousands, since 
their days, led away in triumph. It "drowns men in perdition," 1 
Tim. 6: 9. In that pit of perdition, this son of perdition fell, and 
never rose more. O you that so court and prosecute it; that so love 
and admire it; make a stand here; pause a little upon this example; 
consider to what it brought this poor wretch, whom I have presented 
to you dead, eternally dead, by the mortal wound that the love of 
this world gave him: it destroyed both soul and body. Pliny tells 
us, that the Mermaids delight to be in green meadows, into which 
they draw men by their enchanting voices; but, saith he, there 
always lie heaps of dead men's bones by them. A lively emblem of a 
bewitching world! Good had it been for many professors of religion, 
if they had never known what the riches, and honours, and pleasures 
of this world meant. 
    Corollary 7. Did Judas fancy so much happiness in a little 
money, that he would sell Christ to get it? Learn then, That which 
men promise themselves much pleasure and contentment in the day of 
sin, may prove the greatest curse and misery to them that ever 
befell them in the world. Judas thought it was a brave thing to get 
money! he fancied much happiness in it: but how sick was his 
conscience as soon as he had swallowed it! O take it again, saith 
he! It griped him to the heart. He knows not what to do, to rid 
himself of that money. Give me children, saith Rachel, or I die: she 
has children, and they prove her death. O mortify your fancies to 
the world; put no necessity upon riches. "They that will be rich, 
fall into temptations, and many hurtful lusts, which drown men in 
perdition," 1 Tim. 6: 9. You may have your desires with a curse. He 
that brings home a pack of fine clothes infected with the plague, 
has no such great bargain of it, how cheap soever he bought them. 
    Corollary 8. Was there one, and but one of the twelve, that 
proved a Judas, a traitor to Christ? Learn thence, that it is a most 
unreasonable thing to be prejudiced at religion, and the sincere 
professors of it, because some that profess it prove naught and 
    Should the eleven suffer for one Judas? Alas, they abhorred 
both the traitor and his treason. As well might the High-priest and 
his servants have condemned Peter, John, and all the rest, whose 
souls abhorred the wickedness. If Judas proved a vile wretch, yet 
there were eleven to one that remained upright: if Judas proved 
naught, it was not his profession made him so, but his hypocrisy; he 
never learned it from Christ. If religion must be charged with all 
the miscarriages of its professors, then there is no pure religion 
in the world. Name that religion among the professors whereof there 
is not one Judas. Take heed, reader, of prejudices against godliness 
on this account. The design of the devil, without doubt, is to undo 
thee eternally by them. "Wo to the world because of offences," 
Matth. 18: 7. And what if God do permit these things to fall out, 
that thou mayest be hardened in iniquity, confirmed in sin by such 
occasions, and so the destruction brought about this way: Blessed is 
he that is not offended at Christ. 
    Corollary 9. Did Judas, one of the twelve, do so? Learn thence, 
That a drop of grace, is better than a sea of gifts. Gifts have some 
excellency in them, but the way of grace is the more excellent way, 
1 Cor. 12: 31. Gifts as one saith, are dead graces, but graces are 
living gifts. There is many a learned head in hell. These are not 
the things that accompany salvation. Gifts are the gold that 
beautifies the temple; but grace is as the temple which sanctifies 
the gold. One tear, one groan, one breathing at an upright heart, is 
more than the tongues of angels. 
    Poor Christian, thou art troubled that thou canst not speak and 
pray so neatly, so handsomely, as some others can? but canst thou go 
into a corner, and there pour out thy soul affectionately, though 
not rhetorically, to thy Father? trouble not thyself. It is better 
for thee to feel one divine impression from God upon the heart, than 
to have ten thousand fine notions floating in thy head; Judas was a 
man of parts; but what good did they do him? 
    Corollary 10. Did the devil win the consent of Judas to such a 
design as this? Could he get no other but the hand of an apostle to 
assist him? Learn hence, That the policy of Satan lies much in the 
choice of his instruments he works by. No bird, (saith one) like a 
living bird to tempt others into the net. Pelagius Socinus, &c. were 
fit for that work the devil put them upon. Austin told an ingenious 
young scholar, "The devil coveted him for an ornament." He knows he 
has a foul cause to manage, and therefore will get the fairest hand 
he can to manage it with the less suspicion. 
    Corollary 11. Did Judas one of the twelve, do this? Then 
certainly, Christians may approve and join with such men on earth, 
whose faces they shall never see in heaven. The apostles held 
communion a long time with this man, and did not suspect him. O 
please not yourselves therefore, that you have communion with the 
saints here, and that they think and speak charitably of you. "All 
the churches shall know, (saith the Lord) that I am he that 
searcheth the heart and reins, and will give to every man as his 
work shall be," Rev. 2: 23. In heaven we shall meet many that we 
never thought to meet there, and miss many we were confident we 
should see there. 
    Corollary 12. Lastly, Did Judas, one of the twelve, a man so 
obliged, raised and honoured by Christ, do this? Cease then from 
man, be not too confident, but beware of men. "Trust ye not in a 
friend, put no confidence in a guide, keep the door of thy lips from 
her that lieth in thy bosom," Mica. 7: 5. Not that there is no 
sincerity in any man, but because there is so much hypocrisy in many 
men, and so much corruption in the best of men, that we may not be 
too confident, nor lay too great a stress upon any man. Peter's 
modest expression of Sylvanus is a pattern for us; "Sylvanus, a 
faithful brother unto you (as I suppose") 1 Pet. 5: 12. The time 
shall come, saith Christ, that "brother shall betray brother to 
death," Mat. 10: 11. Your charity for others may be your duty, but 
your too great confidence may be your snare. Fear what others may 
do, but fear thyself more. 

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file: /pub/resources/text/ipb-e/epl-09: flafn-23.txt