The Method of Grace in the Gospel Redemption
by John Flavel
File 17
(... continued from file 16)

Sermon 15. 
    Opening the sixth Motive to come to Christ, contained in the 
sixth and last Title of Christ. 
    Luke 2: 25. 
    -- Waiting for the [Consolation} of Israel. 
    Several glorious titles of Christ have been already spoken to, 
out of each of which much comfort flows to believers: It is 
comfortable to a wounded soul to eye him as a Physician; comfortable 
to a condemned and unworthy soul to look upon him under the notion 
of mercy: The loveliness, the desirableness, and the glory of 
Christ, are all so many springs of consolation. But now I am to show 
you, from this scripture, that the saints have not only much 
consolation from Christ, but that Christ himself is the very 
consolation of believers: He is pure comfort wrapped up in flesh and 
    In this context, you have an account of Simeon's prophecy 
concerning Christ; and in this text, a description of the person and 
quality of Simeon himself, who is described two ways. 
    1. By his practice. 
    2. By his principle. 
    His practice was heavenly and holy; he was a just and devout 
man: The principle from which his righteousness and holiness did 
flow, was his faith in Christ; "he waited for the consolation of 
Israel." In which words, by way of periphrasis, we have, 
    1. A description of Christ, the consolation of Israel. 
    2. The description of a believer, one that waited for Christ. 
    First, That the consolation of Israel it a phrase descriptive 
of Jesus Christ, is beyond all doubt, if you consult ver. 26. where 
he, i.e. Simeon is satisfied by receiving Christ into his arms, the 
consolation for which he had so long waited. 
    Secondly, And that waiting for Christ is a phrase describing 
the believers of those times that preceded the incarnation of Christ 
is past doubt; they all waited for that blessed day: But it was 
Simeon's lot to fall just upon that happy point of time, wherein. 
the prophecies and promises of his incarnation were fulfilled. 
Simeon and others that waited with him, were sensible that the time 
of the promise was come, which could not but raise (as indeed it 
did) a general expectation of him, John 9: 19. But Simeon's faith 
was confirmed by a particular revelation, ver. 26. That he should 
see Christ before he saw death, which could not but greatly 
encourage and raise his expectation to look out for him, whose 
coming would be the greatest consolation to the whole Israel of God. 
The consolation, "paraklesis", The Spirit is frequently called in 
scripture, "parakletes", the Comforter: But Christ in this place is 
called "paraklesis", comfort, or consolation itself: The reason of 
both is given in John 16: 14. "He shall take of mine and shew it 
unto you:" Where Christ is said to be the matter, and the Spirit, 
the applier of true comfort to the people of God. Now this 
consolation is here expressed both with a singular emphasis [the 
consolation] intimating that there is nothing of consolation in any 
thing besides him; all other comforts compared with this, are not 
worth naming. And as it is emphatically expressed, so it is also 
limited and bounded within the compass of God's Israel, i.e. true 
believers, stiled the Israel of Cod, whether Jews or Gentiles, Gal. 
6: 16. From whence the point of doctrine is, 
    Doct. That Jesus Christ is the only consolation of believers, 
         and of none besides them. 
    So speaks the apostle, Phil. 3: 3. "For we are the 
circumcision, which worship God in the Spirit, and rejoice in Christ 
Jesus, and have no confidence in the flesh." Those that worship God. 
in the Spirit are sincere believers; to such sincere believers, 
Christ is consolation, our rejoicing is in Christ Jesus: And they 
have no consolation in any thing beside him; nothing in the world 
can give them comfort without Christ, We have no confidence in the 
flesh. The gospel is glad tidings of great joy; but that which makes 
it to be so is Jesus Christ, whom it imparts and reveals to us, Luke 
2: 10, 1l. In the opening of this comfortable point, four things 
must be spoken to, for the right stating the method of our 
discourse. viz. 
    1. What is meant by consolation. 
    2. That Christ, and he only, is consolation to believers. 
    S. That believers only have consolation in Christ. 
    4. How it comes to pass that any believer should be dejected, 
since Christ is consolation to all believers. 
    The first thing to be opened, is the nature of consolation, 
which is nothing else but the cheerfulness of a man's spirit, 
whereby he is upheld, and fortified against all evils felt, or 
feared. Consolation is to the soul what health is to the body after 
wasting sickness; or the reviving spring to the earth after a long 
and hard winter. And there are three sorts of consolation, or 
comfort, suitable to the disposition and temper of the mind, viz. 
    Sinful, and 
    Natural comfort is the refreshment of our natural spirits by 
the good creatures of God, Acts 14: 17. "Filling their hearts with 
food and gladness." Sinful comfort is the satisfaction and pleasure 
men take in the fulfilling of their lusts, by the abuse of the 
creatures of God, James 5: 5. "Ye have lived in pleasure upon 
earth," i.e. your life has been a life of sensuality and sin. 
    Spiritual comfort is the refreshment, peace, and joy, gracious 
souls have in Christ, by the exercise of faith, hope, and other 
graces, Rom. 5: 2. And this only deserves the name of true solid 
consolation: To which four things are required. 
    First, That the matter thereof be some spiritual, eminent, and 
durable good; else our consolation in it will be but as the 
crackling of thorns under a pot, a sudden blaze, quickly extinct 
with the failing matter of it. Christ only gives the matter of 
solid, durable consolation; the righteousness of Christ, the pardon 
of sin, the favour of God, the hopes of glory, are the substantial 
materials of a believer's consolation, Rom. 5: 2. Mat. 9: 2. Psal. 
4: 6, 7. 2 Pet. 1: 8. Things are as their foundations be. 
    Secondly, Interest and propriety in these comfortable things, 
are requisite to our consolation by them, Luke 1: 47. "My spirit 
rejoiceth in God my Saviour." It is no consolation to him that is 
hungry to see a feast; to him that is poor to see a treasure; if the 
one may not taste, or the other partake thereof. 
    Thirdly, Knowledge, and evidence of interest, in some degree is 
requisite to actual consolation, though without it a man may be in 
the state of consolation; for that which appears not, is (in point 
of actual comfort) as if it were not. 
    Fourthly, In order hereunto, the work of the Spirit upon our 
hearts is requisite, both to give, and clear our interest in Christ 
and the promises: And both these ways he is the Comforter, "The 
fruit of the Spirit is joy," Gal. 5: 22. And thus briefly of the 
nature of consolation. 
    Secondly, Next I will shew you that Christ, and he only, is 
matter of consolation to believers: which will demonstratively 
appear by this argument. 
    First, He that brings to their souls all that is comfortable, 
and removes from their souls all that is uncomfortable, must needs 
be the only consolation of believers. 
    But Jesus Christ brings to their souls all that is comfortable, 
and removes from their souls all that is uncomfortable. 
    Therefore Christ only is the consolation of believers. 
    First, Jesus Christ brings whatsoever is comfortable to the 
souls of believers. Is pardon comfortable to a person condemned? No 
thing can be matter of greater comfort in this world. Why, this 
Christ brings to all believers, Jer. 23: 6. "And this is the name 
whereby he shall be called, the Lord our righteousness." This cannot 
but give strong consolation; righteousness is the foundation of 
peace, and joy in the Holy Ghost, Rom. 14: 17. "The work of 
righteousness shall be peace; and the effect of righteousness, 
quietness and assurance for ever," Isa. 32: 17. Come to a dejected 
soul, labouring under the burden of guilt, and say, cheer up, I 
bring you good tidings, there is such an estate befallen you, or 
such a troublesome business comfortably ended for you; alas! this 
will not reach the heart: If you can bring me (saith he) good news 
from heaven, that my sins are forgiven, and God reconciled, how soon 
should I be comforted! And therefore (as one well observes) this was 
the usual receipt with which Christ cured the souls of men and 
women, when he was here on earth; Son or daughter, "be of good 
cheer, thy sins be forgiven thee." And, indeed, it is as easy to 
separate light and warmth from the beams of the sun, as cheerfulness 
and comfort from the voice of pardon. 
    Are the hopes and expectations of heaven and glory comfortable! 
Yes sure, nothing is comfortable if this be not, Rom. 5: 2. "We 
rejoice in hope of the glory of God." Now, Christ brings to the 
souls of men all the solid grounds and foundations upon which they 
build their expectations of glory, Col. 1: 27. "Which is Christ, in 
you, the hope of glory." Name any thing else that is solid matter of 
comfort to the souls of men, and the grounds thereof will be found 
in Christ, and in none but Christ; as might easily be demonstrated 
by the exoneration of multitudes of particular instances, which I 
cannot now insist upon. 
    Secondly, Jesus Christ removes from believers whatever is 
uncomfortable; therein relieving them against all the matters of 
their affliction and sorrow. As namely, 
    First, Is sin a burden and matter of trouble to believers? 
Christ, and none but Christ, removes that burden, Rom. 7: 24, 25. "O 
wretched man that I am! (saith sin-burdened Paul) who will deliver 
me from the body of this death? I thank God through Jesus Christ our 
Lord." The satisfaction of his blood, Eph. 5: 2. The sanctification 
of his Spirit, John 1: 5, 6. His perfect deliverance of his people 
from the very being of sin at last, Eph. 5: 26, 27. This relieves at 
present, and removes at last the matter and ground of all their 
troubles and sorrows for sin. 
    Secondly, Do the temptations of Satan burden believers? O yes, 
by reason of temptations, they go in trouble and heaviness of 
spirit. Temptation is an enemy under the walls; temptation greatly 
endangers, and therefore cannot but greatly afflict the souls of 
believers; but Christ brings the only matter of relief against 
temptations. The intercession of Christ is a singular relief at 
present, Luke 22:32. "But I have prayed for thee that thy faith fail 
not." And the promises of Christ are a full relief for the future; 
"The God of peace shall shortly tread Satan under your feet," Rom. 
16: 20. 
    Thirdly, Is spiritual desertion, and the hiding of God's face, 
matter of affliction and casting down to believers? Yes, yes, it 
distresses their hearts, nothing can comfort them; "Thou hidest thy 
face, and I was troubled," Psal. 30: 7. Outward afflictions do but 
break the skin, this touches the quick; they like rain fall only 
upon the tiles, this soaks into the house; but Christ brings to 
believers substantial matter of consolation against the troubles of 
desertion: He himself was deserted of God for a time, that they 
might not be deserted for ever. In him also the relieving promises 
are made to believers, that notwithstanding God may desert them for 
a time, yet the union betwixt him and them shall never be dissolved, 
Heb. 13: 4. Jer. 32: 40. Though he forsake them for a moment, in 
respect of evidenced favour, yet he will return again and comfort 
them, Isa 54: 7. Though Satan pull hard, yet he will never "be able 
to pluck them out of his Fathers hand," John 10: 20. O, what relief 
is this! What consolation is Christ to a deserted believer. 
    Fourthly, Are outward afflictions matter of dejection and 
trouble? Alas, who finds them not to be so? How do our hearts fail 
and our spirits sink under the many smarting rods of God upon us? 
But our relief and consolation under them all is in Christ Jesus; 
for the rod that afflicts us is in the hand of Christ that loveth 
us, Rev. 3: 29. "Whom I love, I rebuke and chasten." His design in 
affliction is our profit, Heb. 12: 10. That design of his for our 
good shall certainly be accomplished, Rom. 8: 28. And after that no 
more afflictions for ever. Rev. 21: 3, 4. "God shall wipe away all 
tears from their eyes". So that upon the whole, two things are most 
    First, Nothing can comfort the soul without Christ! he is the 
soul that animates all comforts; they would be dead things without 
him. Temporal enjoyments, riches, honours, health, relations yield 
not a drop of true comfort without Christ. Spiritual enjoyments, 
ministers, ordinances, promises, are fountains sealed and springs 
shut up; till Christ open them, a man may go comfortless in the 
midst of them all. 
    Secondly, No troubles, sorrows, or deletions can deject or sink 
the soul that Christ comforteth, 2 Cor. 6: 20. "As sorrowful, yet 
always rejoining." A believer may walk with a heart full of comfort 
amidst all the troubles of this world: Christ makes the darkness and 
troubles to be light round about his people. So that the conclusion 
stands firm, and never to be shaken, that Christ, and Christ only, 
is the consolation of believers; which was the thing to be proved. 
    In the third place, I am to shew you that believers, and none 
but believers, can have consolation in Christ; which will 
convincingly appear from the consideration of those things which we 
laid down before as the requisites to all true spiritual 
consolation. For, 
    First, No unbeliever has the materials, out of which spiritual 
comfort is made, which (as I there told you) must be some solid, 
spiritual, and eternal good, as Christ and the covenant are: what do 
unregenerate men rejoice in but trifles and mere vanities, in a 
thing of nought? Amos 6: 13. See how their mirth is described in Job 
21: 12. "They take their timbrel and harp, and rejoice at the sound 
of the organ." He does not say, they take the Bible, turn to the 
promises, and rejoice in Christ and the covenant; it is not the 
melody of a good conscience, the joy of the Holy Ghost; no, no, they 
have no acquaintance with such music as that; but the rejoicing of 
believers is in those things, 2 Cor. 1: 12. and this is well built 
consolation, which reaches the heart. 
    Secondly, I told you that propriety and interest in Christ and 
the promises are required to all spiritual consolation: but no 
unbeliever has any title or interest in Christ and the promises, and 
so they can signify nothing to him in point of comfort. It is not 
another man's money, but my own, that must feed, clothe and comfort 
me; nor is it another man's Christ, but my own Christ, that must 
justify, save, and comfort my soul. 
    Thirdly, You were told, that evidence of a man's peace and 
reconciliation with God, is necessary to his actual consolation, 
which no unbeliever can possibly have; he has neither grace within 
him to make him a qualified subject of any special promise, nor any 
witness or seal of the Spirit, to confirm and clear his propriety in 
Christ; for he never seals, but where he first sanctifies. So that 
it is beyond all contradiction, that believers, and none but 
believers are partakers of the consolations that are in Christ 
    Fourthly and lastly, There is one inquiry remains to be 
satisfied; namely, seeing Jesus Christ is consolation to believers, 
how it comes to pass, that so many believers in the world should 
walk so dejectedly as they do, without any spiritual consolation? 
    First, This need not be wondered at, if we consider that the 
consolations of Christ are of two sorts, seminal and in preparation, 
or actual in present possession. Every believer in the world has the 
root and seed of comfort planted and sown for him, Psal. 97: 11. 
"Light is sown for the righteous, and gladness for the upright in 
heart." They have Christ and the promises, which are the seeds of 
consolation, and will bring forth joy at last, though at present 
they have no actual consolation; the seed of all joy is sown, and in 
due time they shall reap the full lope fruit thereof. 
    Secondly, It must be remembered, that interest and evidence are 
distinct blessings, every believer has interest in Christ: but every 
believer has not the evidence thereof, Isa. 1. 10. "Who is among 
you, that feareth the Lord, and obeyeth the voice of his servant; 
that walketh in darkness, and has no light?" Every child of God is 
not of sufficient age to know his Father, or take comfort in that 
blessed inheritance whereunto he is begotten again, 1 Pet. 1: 3, 4. 
    Thirdly, Every believer does not walk with like strictness, and 
exact holiness: all do not exercise faith in a like degree. Among 
Christians some are strong in grace, rich in faith, strict in 
obedience, tender of sin to an eminent degree; these usually are 
owners of much consolation: but others are weak in grace, poor in 
faith, comparatively careless of their hearts and ways, frequently 
grieving the good Spirit of God, and wounding their own consciences 
(the vessel into which spiritual consolation is poured;) and these 
are usually denied the joy and comfort which others abound withal. 
    Fourthly, The consolations of Christ are arbitrarily dispensed 
by the Spirit, who is the Comforter, and giveth to every man in such 
proportions, and at such seasons, as pleaseth him: whence it comes 
to pass, that he that is rich in comfort to-day, may be poor 
tomorrow; and, contrarily, the heart that is quite full of sorrow 
one hour, is filled with peace and joy in believing in the next. 
Things that are necessary to the rein of a Christian, are fixed and 
stable; but things belonging only to the well-being of a Christian, 
come and go, according to the good pleasure and appointment of the 
Spirit. The use of all follows. 
    Inf. 1. Hence it follows, That the state of unbelievers is the 
most sad and uncomfortable state in the world, having no interest in 
Christ, the consolation of Israel. It is true, they abound in 
creature comforts; they live in pleasure upon earth; joy displays 
its colours in their faces; but for all this, there is not the least 
drop of true consolation in any of their hearts; they have some 
comfort in the creature, but none in Christ: that little they gather 
from the creature now, is all their portion of joy, Luke 6: 24. "Ye 
have received your consolation:" as this is all they have, so they 
shall enjoy it but a little while, Job 21: 13, 17. And while they do 
enjoy it, it is mixed with many gripes of conscience, Job 14: 13. 
"Even in laughter the heart is sorrowful, and the end of that mirth 
is heaviness." Whatever consolation any unbeliever speaks of besides 
this, is but by rote; for when the day of his distress cometh, and 
the terrors of conscience shall awake him out of his pleasant 
dreams, all his sensual joys will vanish from him, and the doors of 
true consolation will be shut against him. Let him go to Jesus 
Christ, knock at that door, and say, Lord Jesus, thy name is 
consolation: my heart is really to burst within me; hast thou no 
consolation for me? O Lord, for one drop of spiritual comfort now; 
but alas there is none, no not in Christ himself, for any 
unbeliever. It is children's bread, the saints privilege; comfort 
and grace are undivided. Let him return into himself, search his own 
conscience for comfort, and say, O conscience! thou art more than a 
thousand witnesses, and thousands have been comforted by thee; where 
thou speakest comfort, none can speak trouble; hast thou no 
consolation for me in my deepest distress? Alas, no; if God condemn 
thee, wherewithal shall I comfort thee? I can speak neither more nor 
less than the scriptures put into my mouth, and I find not one word 
in all the book of God warranting me to be thy comforter. Believe it 
is an undoubted truth (though the sense of the bewitched world 
overrules it) that the state of unbelievers, even at the best, is a 
sad and dismal state. 
    Inf. 2. Let all believers fetch ad their comfort out of Christ, 
who is the Consolation of his people: "We rejoice (saith the 
apostle) in Christ Jesus, and have no confidence in the flesh." That 
is the true temper of a believing soul: take heed you live not 
partly upon Christ and partly upon the creature for your comfort, 
much rather beware that you forsake not Christ, the fountain of 
living waters, and hew out cisterns for yourselves which can hold no 
water, Jer. 2: 13. If you make any creature the spring and fountain 
of your comfort, assuredly God will dry up that spring. If your 
souls draw their comfort from any creature, you know they must 
outlive that creature, and what then will you do for comfort? 
Besides, as your comforts are, so are you. The food of every 
creature is suitable to its nature. You see divers creatures feeding 
upon several parts of the same herb, the bee upon the flower, the 
bird upon the seeds, the sheep upon the stalk, and the swine upon 
the root, according to their nature so is their food. Sensual men 
feed upon sensual things; spiritual men upon spiritual things; as 
your food is, so are you. If carnal comforts can content thy heart, 
sure thy heart must then be a very carnal heart. Yea, and let 
Christians themselves take heed, that they fetch not their 
consolations out of themselves instead of Christ. Your graces and 
duties are excellent means and instruments, but not the ground work 
and foundation of your comfort, they are useful buckets to draw, but 
not the well itself in which the springs of consolation rise. If you 
put your duties in the room of Christ, Christ will put your comforts 
out of the reach of your duties. 
    Inf. 3. If Christ be the consolation of believers, what a 
comfortable life should all believers live in the world? Certainly, 
if the fault be not your own, you might live the happiest and 
comfortablest lives of all men in the world. If you would not be a 
discomfort to Christ, he would be a comfort to you every day, and in 
every condition, to the end of your lives. Your condition abounds 
with all the helps and advantages of consolation. You have the 
command of Christ to warrant your comforts, Phil. 4: 4. You have the 
Spirit of Christ for a spring of comfort; you have the scriptures of 
Christ for the rules of comfort; you have the duties of religion for 
the means of comfort. Why is it then that you go comfortless? If 
your afflictions be many in the world, yet your encouragements are 
more in Christ. Your troubles in the world have been turned into 
joy, but your comforts in Christ can never be turned into trouble. 
Why should troubles obstruct your comfort, when the blessing of 
Christ upon your troubles makes them subservient to promote your 
happiness? Rom. 8: 28. Shake off despondency then, and live up to 
the principles of religion. Your dejected life is uncomfortable to 
yourselves, and of very ill use to others. 
    Inf. 4. If Christ be the consolation of believers, then let all 
that desire comfort in this world, or in that to come, embrace Jesus 
Christ, and get real union with him. The same hour you shall be in 
Christ, you shall also be at the fountain head of all consolations: 
thy soul shall be then a pardoned soul, and a pardoned soul has all 
reason in the world to be a joyful soul: in that day the conscience 
shall be sprinkled with the blood of Christ; and a sprinkled 
conscience has all the reason in the world to be a comforting 
conscience: in that day you become the children of your Father in 
heaven, and he that has a Father in heaven, has all reason to be the 
joyfullest man upon earth; in that day you are delivered from the 
sting and hurt of death; and he that is delivered from the sting of 
death, has the best reason to take in the comfort of life. O come to 
Christ! come to Christ! till you come to Christ, no true comfort can 
come to you. 

The Method of Grace in the Gospel Redemption
(continued in file 18...)

file: /pub/resources/text/ipb-e/epl-09: flamt-17.txt