(Liturgy, Reformed Churches, Part 5)

Form for the Administration of the Lord's Supper 
Beloved in the Lord Jesus Christ, attend to the words of the 
institution of the Holy Supper of our Lord Jesus Christ, as 
they are delivered by the holy Apostle Paul. 1 Cor. 11:23-30. 
  "For I have received of the Lord, that which also I delivered 
unto you, that the Lord Jesus, the same night in which he was 
betrayed, took bread; and when he had given thanks, he brake 
it, and said, Take, eat; this is my body which is broken for 
you, this do in remembrance of me. And after the same manner 
also, he took the cup, when he had supped, saying, This cup is 
the new testament in my blood; this do ye, as oft as ye drink 
it in remembrance of me; for as oft as ye eat this bread, and 
drink this cup, ye do show the Lord's death till he come. 
Wherefore, whosoever shall eat this bread, and drink this cup 
of the Lord unworthily, shall be guilty of the body and blood 
of the Lord. But let a man examine himself, and so let him eat 
of that bread, and drink of that cup; for he that eateth and 
drinketh unworthily, eateth and drinketh damnation to himself, 
not discerning the Lord's body. 
That we may now celebrate the Supper of the Lord to our 
comfort, it is above all things necessary, 
  First. Rightly to examine ourselves. 
  Secondly. To direct it to that end for which Christ has 
ordained and instituted the same, namely, to his remembrance. 
The true examination of ourselves consists of these three 
First. That every one consider by himself, his sins and the 
curse due to him for them, to the end that he may abhor and 
humble himself before God: considering that the wrath of God 
against sin is so great, that (rather than it should go 
unpunished) he has punished the same in his beloved Son Jesus 
Christ, with the bitter and shameful death of the cross. 
Secondly. That every one examine his own heart, whether he does 
believe this faithful promise of God, that all his sins are 
forgiven him only for the sake of the passion and death of 
Jesus Christ, and that the perfect righteousness of Christ is 
imputed and freely given him as his own, yea, so perfectly, as 
if he had satisfied in his own person for all his sins, and 
fulfilled all righteousness. 
Thirdly. That every one examine his own conscience, whether he 
purposes henceforth to show true thankfulness to God in his 
whole life, and to walk uprightly before him; as also, whether 
he has laid aside unfeignedly all enmity, hatred, and envy, and 
does firmly resolve hence forward to walk in true love and 
peace with his neighbour. 
  All those, then, who are thus disposed, God will certainly 
receive in mercy, and count them worthy partakers of the table 
of his Son Jesus Christ. On the contrary, those who do not feel 
this testimony in their hearts, eat and drink judgment to 
  Therefore, we also, according to the command of Christ and 
the Apostle Paul, admonish all those who are defiled with the 
following sins, to keep themselves from the table of the Lord, 
and declare to them that they have no part in the kingdom of 
Christ; such as all idolaters, all those who invoke deceased 
saints, angels or other creatures; all those who worship 
images; all enchanters, diviners, charmers, and those who 
confide in such enchantments; all despisers of God, and of his 
Word, and of the holy sacraments: all blasphemers; all those 
who are given to raise discord, sects and mutiny in Church or 
State; all perjured persons; all those who are disobedient to 
their parents and superiors; all murderers, contentious 
persons, and those who live in hatred and envy against their 
neighbours; all adulterers, whoremongers, drunkards, thieves, 
usurers, robbers, gamesters, covetous, and all who lead 
offensive lives. 
  All these, while they continue in such sins, shall abstain 
from this meat (which Christ has ordained only for the 
faithful), lest their judgment and condemnation be made the 
  But this is not designed (dearly beloved brethren and sisters 
in the Lord), to deject the contrite hearts of the faithful, as 
if none might come to the supper of the Lord, but those who are 
without sin; for we do not come to this supper, to testify 
thereby that we are perfect and righteous in ourselves; but on 
the contrary, considering that we seek our life out of 
ourselves in Jesus Christ, we acknowledge that we lie in the 
midst of death; therefore, notwithstanding we feel many 
infirmities and miseries in ourselves, as namely, that we have 
not perfect faith, and that we do not give ourselves to serve 
God with that zeal as we are bound, but have daily to strive 
with the weakness of our faith, and the evil lusts of our 
flesh; yet, since we are (by the grace of the Holy Spirit) 
sorry for these weaknesses, and earnestly desirous to fight 
against our unbelief, and to live according to all the 
commandments of God: therefore we rest assured that no sin or 
infirmity, which still remains against our will, in us, can 
hinder us from being received of God in mercy, and from being 
made worthy partakers of this heavenly meat and drink. 
Let us now also consider, to what end the Lord has instituted 
his Supper, namely, that we do it in remembrance of him. Now 
after this manner are we to remember him by it: 
First. That we are confidently persuaded in our hearts, that 
our Lord Jesus Christ (according to the promises made to our 
forefathers in the Old Testament) was sent of the Father into 
the world; that he assumed our flesh and blood; that he bore 
for us the wrath of God (under which we should have perished 
everlastingly) from the beginning of his incarnation, to the 
end of his life upon earth; and that he has fulfilled, for us, 
all obedience to the divine law, and righteousness; especially, 
when the weight of our sins and the wrath of God pressed out of 
him the bloody sweat in the garden, where he was bound that we 
might be freed from our sins; that he afterwards suffered 
innumerable reproaches that we might never be confounded; that 
he was innocently condemned to death, that we might be 
acquitted at the judgment-seat of God; yea, that he suffered 
his blessed body to be nailed on the cross - that he might fix 
thereon the handwriting of our sins; and has also taken upon 
himself the curse due to us, that he might fill us with his 
blessings: and has humbled himself unto the deepest reproach 
and pains of hell, both in body and soul, on the tree of the 
cross, when he cried out with a loud voice, "My God, my God! 
why hast thou forsaken me?" that we might be accepted of God 
and never be forsaken of him: and finally confirmed with his 
death and shedding of his blood, the new and eternal testament, 
that covenant of grace and reconciliation when he said: "It is 
Secondly. And that we might firmly believe that we belong to 
this covenant of grace, the Lord Jesus Christ, in his last 
Supper, took bread, and when he had given thanks, he brake it, 
and gave it to his disciples and said, "Take, eat, this is my 
body which is broken for you, this do in remembrance of me; in 
like manner also after supper he took the cup, gave thanks and 
said, Drink ye all of it; this cup is the new testament in my 
blood, which is shed for you and for many, for the remission of 
sins, this do ye as often as ye drink it in remembrance of me": 
that is, as often as ye eat of this bread and drink of this 
cup, you shall thereby as by a sure remembrance and pledge, be 
admonished and assured of this my hearty love and faithfulness 
towards you; that, whereas you should otherwise have suffered 
eternal death, I have given my body to the death of the cross, 
and shed my blood for you and as certainly feed and nourish 
your hungry and thirsty souls with my crucified body, and shed 
blood, to ever lasting life, as this bread is broken before 
your eyes, and this cup is given to you, and you eat and drink 
the same with your mouth, in remembrance of me. 
From this institution of the Holy Supper of our Lord Jesus 
Christ, we see that he directs our faith and trust to his 
perfect sacrifice (once offered on the cross) as to the only 
ground and foundation of our salvation, wherein he is become to 
our hungry and thirsty souls, the true meat and drink of life 
eternal. For by his death he has taken away the cause of our 
eternal death and misery, namely, sin, and obtained for us the 
quickening Spirit, that we by the same (who dwells in Christ as 
in the head, and in us as his members), might have true 
communion with him, and be made partakers of all his blessings, 
of life eternal, righteousness and glory. 
  Besides, that we by this same Spirit may also be united as 
members of one body in true brotherly love, as the holy Apostle 
says, "For we, being many, are one bread and one body; for we 
are all partakers of that one bread." For as out of many grains 
one meal is ground, and one bread baked, and out of many 
berries being pressed together, one wine flows, and mixes 
itself together, so shall we all, who by a true faith are in 
grafted into Christ, be altogether one body, through brotherly 
love, for Christ's sake, our beloved Saviour, who has so 
exceedingly loved us, and not only show this in word, but also 
in very deed towards one another. 
  Hereto assist us, the Almighty God and Father of our Lord 
Jesus Christ through his Holy Spirit. AMEN. 
That we may obtain all this, let us humble ourselves before 
God, and with true faith implore his grace. 
O most merciful God and Father, we beseech thee, that Thou wilt 
be pleased in this Supper (in which we celebrate the glorious 
remembrance of the bitter death of thy beloved Son Jesus 
Christ) to work in our hearts through the Holy Spirit, that we 
may daily more and more with true confidence, give ourselves up 
unto thy Son Jesus Christ, that our afflicted and contrite 
hearts, through the power of the Holy Ghost, may be fed and 
comforted with his true body and blood; yea, with him, true God 
and man, that only heavenly bread; and that we may no longer 
live in our sins, but he in us, and we in him, and thus truly 
be made partakers of the new and everlasting covenant of grace. 
That we may not doubt but Thou wilt forever be our gracious 
Father, nevermore imputing our sins unto us, and providing us 
with all things necessary, as well for the body as the soul, as 
thy beloved children and heirs; grant us also thy grace, that 
we may take up our cross cheerfully, deny ourselves, confess 
our Saviour, and in all tribulations, with uplifted heads 
expect our Lord Jesus Christ from heaven, where he will make 
our mortal bodies like unto his most glorious body, and take us 
unto him in eternity. 
  Our Father which is in heaven. Hallowed be thy name. Thy 
kingdom come. Thy will be done in earth, as it is in heaven. 
Give us this day our daily bread. And forgive us our debts, as 
we forgive our debtors. And lead us not into temptation, but 
deliver us from evil: For thine is the kingdom, and the power 
and the glory, for ever. 
  Strengthen us also by this Holy Supper in the catholic 
undoubted christian faith, whereof we make confession with our 
mouths and hearts, saying: 
  I believe in God the Father, Almighty, Maker of heaven and 
earth; and in Jesus Christ his only Son our Lord; who was 
conceived by the Holy Ghost, born of the virgin Mary, suffered 
under Pontius Pilate, was crucified, dead and buried, he 
descended into hell: the third day he rose again from the dead, 
he ascended into heaven, and sits at the right hand of God the 
Father Almighty; from thence he shall come to judge the quick 
and the dead. 
  I believe in the Holy Ghost; I believe a holy catholic 
church; the communion of saints; the forgiveness of sins; the 
resurrection of the body; and the life everlasting. Amen. 
That we may be now fed with the true heavenly bread, Christ 
Jesus, let us not cleave with our hearts unto the external 
bread and wine, but lift them up on high in heaven, where 
Christ Jesus is our Advocate, at the right hand of his heavenly 
Father, whither all the articles of our faith lead us; not 
doubting, but we shall as certainly be fed and refreshed in our 
souls through the working of the Holy Ghost, with his body and 
blood, as we receive the holy bread and wine in remembrance of 
In breaking and distributing the bread, the Minister shall say: 
The bread which we break, is the communion of the body of 

Liturgy of the Reformed Churches

(continued in part 6...)

file: /pub/resources/text/ipb-e/epl-05: litur-05.txt