Shorter Catechism, part 2/3 Questions and answers Scripture proofs Q39: What is the duty which (1) Mic.6:8 He hath shewed thee, O God requireth of man? man, what is good; and what doth the LORD require of thee, but to do A: The duty which God justly, and to love mercy, and to walk requireth of man, is humbly with thy God? obedience to his revealed will. (l) Q40: What did God at first (1) Rom.2:14 For when the Gentiles, reveal to man for the rule which have not the law, do by nature of his obedience? the things contained in the law, these, having not the law, are a law A: The rule which God at unto themselves. V15 Which show the first revealed to man for work of the law written in their his obedience, was the hearts. moral law. (1) Q41: Where is the moral law (1) Deut.10:4 And he wrote on the summarily comprehended? tables, according to the first writing, the ten commandments. A: The moral law is Matt.19:17 If thou wilt enter into summarily comprehended in life, keep the commandments. the ten commandments. (1) Q42: What is the sum of the (1) Matt.22:37 Thou shalt love the ten commandments? Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy A: The sum of the ten mind. V38 This is the first and great commandments is, To love commandment. V39 And the second is the Lord our God with all like unto it, Thou shalt love thy our heart, with all our neighbour as thyself. V40 On these two soul, with all our commandments hang all the law and the strength, and with all our prophets. mind; and our neighbour as ourselves. (l) Q43: What is the preface to (1) Exod.22:2. the ten commandments? A: The preface to the ten commandments is in these words, "I am the Lord thy God, which have brought thee out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage." (1) Q44: What doth the preface (1) Deut.11:1 Thou shalt love the LORD to the ten commandments thy God, and keep his charge, and his teach us? statutes, and his judgments, and his commandments, always. A: The preface to the ten Luk.1:74 That we being delivered out commandments teacheth us, of the hand of our enemies might serve That because God is the him without fear. V75 In holiness and Lord, and our God, and righteousness before him, all the days Redeemer, therefore we are of our life. bound to keep all his commandments. (1) Q45: Which is the first commandment? A: The first commandment is, "Thou shalt have no other gods before me." Q46: What is required in (1) 1 Chron.28:9 And thou, Solomon my the first commandment? son, know thou the God of thy father. (2) Deut.26:17 Thou hast avouched the A: The first commandment LORD this day to be thy God, and to requireth us to know (1) walk in his ways, and to keep his and acknowledge God to be statutes, and his commandments, and the only true God, and our his judgments, and to hearken unto his God; (2) and to worship and voice. glorify him accordingly. (3) Matt.4:10 Thou shalt worship the (3) Lord thy God, and him only shalt thou serve. Q47: What is forbidden in (1) Ps.14:1 The fool hath said in his the first commandment? heart, There is no God. (2) Rom.1:20 So that they are without A: The first commandment excuse. V21 Because that, when they forbiddeth the denying, (1) knew God, they glorified him not as or not worshipping and God. glorifying the true God as (3) Ps.81:11 But my people would not God, (2) and our God; (3) hearken to my voice; and Israel would and the giving of that none of me. worship and glory to any (4) Rom.1:25 Who changed the truth of other, which is due to him God into a lie, and worshipped and alone. (4) served the creature more than the Creator, who is blessed for ever. Amen. Q48: What are we specially (1) Ps.44:20 If we have forgotten the taught by these words name of our God, or stretched out our "before me" in the first hands to a strange god. V21 Shall not commandment? God search this out? A: These words "before me" in the first commandment teach us, That God, who seeth all things, taketh notice of, and is much displeased with, the sin of having any other God. (l) Q49: Which is the second commandment? A: The second commandment is, "Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth. Thou shalt not bow down thy self to them, nor serve them: for I the Lord thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me; and showing mercy unto thousands of them that love me, and keep my commandments." Q50: What is required in (1) Deut.32:46 Set your hearts unto the second commandment? all the words which I testify among you this day, which ye shall command A: The second commandment your children to observe to do, all requireth the receiving, the words of this law. observing, (1) and keeping Matt.28:20 Teaching them to observe pure and entire, all such all things whatsoever I have commanded religious worship and you. ordinances as God hath (2) Deut.12:32 What thing soever I appointed in his Word. (2) command you, observe to do it: thou shalt not add thereto, nor diminish from it. Q51: What is forbidden in (1) Deut.4:15 Take ye therefore good the second commandment? heed unto yourselves; for ye saw no manner of similitude on the day that A: The second commandment the LORD spake unto you in Horeb. V16 forbiddeth the worshipping Lest ye corrupt yourselves, and make of God by images, (1) or you a graven image. any other way not appointed (2) Col.2:18 Let no man beguile you of in his Word. (2) your reward in a voluntary humility and worshipping of angels, intruding into those things which he hath not seen, vainly puffed up by his fleshly mind. Q52: What are the reasons (1) Ps.95:2 Let us come before his annexed to the second presence with thanksgiving, and make a commandment? joyful noise unto him with psalms. V3 For the LORD is a great God, and a A: The reasons annexed to great King above all gods. the second commandment are, (2) Ps.45:11 He is thy Lord; and God's sovereignty over us, worship thou him. (1) his propriety in us, (3) Exod.34:14 For thou shalt worship (2) and the zeal he hath to no other god: for the LORD, whose name his own worship. (3) is Jealous, is a jealous God. Q53: Which is the third commandment? A: The third commandment is, "Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain; for the Lord will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name in vain." Q54: What is required in (1) Ps.29:2 Give unto the LORD the the third commandment? glory due unto his name. (2) Rev.15:3 Great and marvellous are A: The third commandment thy works, Lord God Almighty; just and requireth the holy and true are thy ways, thou King of reverent use of God's saints. V4 Who shall not fear thee, O names, (1) titles, Lord, and glorify thy name? attributes, (2) ordinances, (3) Eccl.5:1 Keep thy foot when thou (3) Word, (4) and works. goest to the house of God, and be more (5) ready to hear, than to give the sacrifice of fools. (4) Ps.138:2 I will worship toward thy holy temple, and praise thy name for thy lovingkindness and for thy truth: for thou hast magnified thy word above all thy name. (5) Job 36:24 Remember that thou magnify his work, which men behold. Q55: What is forbidden in (1) Mal.2:2 If ye will not hear, and the third commandment? if ye will not lay it to heart, to give glory unto my name, saith the A: The third commandment LORD of hosts, I will even send a forbiddeth all profaning curse upon you. and abusing of any thing whereby God maketh himself known. (l) Q56: What is the reason (1) Deut.28:58 If thou wilt not annexed to the third observe to do all the words of this commandment? law that are written in this book, that thou mayest fear this glorious A: The reason annexed to and fearful name, THE LORD THY GOD; the third commandment is, V59 Then the LORD will make thy That however the breakers plagues wonderful. of this commandment may escape punishment from men, yet the Lord our God will not suffer them to escape his righteous judgment. (l) Q57: Which is the fourth commandment? A: The fourth commandment is, "Remember the Sabbath-day, to keep it holy. Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work; but the seventh day is the Sabbath of the Lord thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy man-servant, nor thy maid-servant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates. For in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: therefore the Lord blessed the Sabbath-day, and hallowed it." Q58: What is required in (1) Lev.19:30 Ye shall keep my the fourth commandment? sabbaths, and reverence my sanctuary: I am the LORD. Deut.5:12 Keep the A: The fourth commandment sabbath-day to sanctify it, as the requireth the keeping holy LORD thy God hath commanded thee. to God such set times as he hath appointed in his Word; expressly one whole day in seven, to be a holy Sabbath to himself. (1) Q59: Which day of the seven (1) Gen.2:3 And God blessed the hath God appointed to be seventh day, and sanctified it: the weekly Sabbath? because that in it he had rested from all his work which God created and A: From the beginning of made. the world to the (2) Act.20:7 And upon the first day of resurrection of Christ, God the week, when the disciples came appointed the seventh day together to break bread, Paul preached of the week to be the unto them. Rev.1:10 I was in the weekly Sabbath; (1) and the Spirit on the Lord's day. first day of the week ever since, to continue to the end of the world, which is the Christian Sabbath. (2) Q60: How is the Sabbath to (1) Lev.23:3 Six days shall work be be sanctified? done: but the seventh day is the sabbath of rest, an holy convocation; A: The Sabbath is to be ye shall do no work therein. sanctified by a holy (2) Ps.92:1 [A Psalm or Song for the resting all that day, even sabbath day.] It is a good thing to from such worldly give thanks unto the LORD, and to sing employments and recreations praises unto thy name, O most High. V2 as are lawful on other To show forth thy lovingkindness in days; (1) and spending the the morning, and thy faithfulness whole time in the public every night. and private exercises of (3) Matt.12:11 And he said unto them, God's worship, (2) except What man shall there be among you, so much as is to be taken that shall have one sheep, and if it up in the works of fall into a pit on the sabbath day, necessity and mercy. (3) will he not lay hold on it, and lift it out? V12 How much then is a man better than a sheep? Wherefore it is lawful to do well on the sabbath days. Q61: What is forbidden in (1) Mal.1:13 Ye said also, Behold, the fourth commandment? what a weariness is it! and ye have snuffed at it, saith the LORD of A: The fourth commandment hosts; and ye brought that which was forbiddeth the omission or torn, and the lame, and the sick; thus careless performance of the ye brought an offering: should I duties required, (1) and accept this of your hand? saith the the profaning the day by LORD. idleness, or doing that (2) Ezek.23:38 They have defiled my which is in itself sinful, sanctuary in the same day, and have (2) or by unnecessary profaned my sabbaths. thoughts, words, or works, (3) Isa.58:13 If thou turn away thy about our worldly foot from the sabbath, from doing thy employments or recreations. pleasure on my holy day; and call the (3) sabbath a delight, the holy of the LORD, honourable; and shalt honour him, not doing thine own ways, nor finding thine own pleasure, nor speaking thine own words. Q62: What are the reasons (1) Exod.31:15 Six days may work be annexed to the fourth done; but in the seventh is the commandment? sabbath of rest. V16 Exod.31:16 Wherefore the children of Israel shall A: The reasons annexed to keep the sabbath. the fourth commandment are, (2) Lev.23:3 Ye shall do no work God's allowing us six days therein: it is the sabbath of the LORD of the week for our own in all your dwellings. employments, (1) his (3) Exod.31:17 It is a sign between me challenging a special and the children of Israel for ever: propriety in the seventh, for in six days the LORD made heaven (2) his own example, (3) and earth, and on the seventh day he and his blessing the rested, and was refreshed. Sabbath-day. (4) (4) Gen.2:3 And God blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it. Q63: Which is the fifth commandment? A: The fifth commandment is, "Honour thy father and thy mother; that thy days may be long upon the land which the Lord thy God giveth thee." Q64: What is required in (1) Eph.5:21 Submitting yourselves one the fifth commandment? to another in the fear of God. V22 Wives, submit yourselves unto your own A: The fifth commandment husbands, as unto the Lord. Eph.6:1,5 requireth the preserving Children, obey your parents in the the honour, and performing Lord. Servants, be obedient to them the duties, belonging to that are your masters according to the every one in their several flesh. Rom.13:1 Let every soul be places and relations, as subject unto the higher powers. superiors, (1) inferiors, (2) Eph.6:9 And, ye masters, do the (2) or equals. (3) same things unto them: knowing that your Master also is in heaven. (3) Rom.12:10 Be kindly affectioned one to another with brotherly love; in honour preferring one another. Q65: What is forbidden in (1) Rom.13:7 Render therefore to all the fifth commandment? their dues: tribute to whom tribute is due; custom to whom custom; fear to A: The fifth commandment whom fear; honour to whom honour. V8 forbiddeth the neglecting Owe no man any thing, but to love one of, or doing any thing another. against, the honour and duty which belongeth to every one in their several places and relations. (1) Q66: What is the reason (1) Eph.6:2 Honour thy father and annexed to the fifth mother; which is the first commandment commandment? with promise; V3 That it may be well with thee, and thou mayest live long A: The reason annexed to on the earth. the fifth commandment, is a promise of long life and prosperity [as far as it shall serve for God's glory and their own good] to all such as keep this commandment. (l) Q67: Which is the sixth commandment? A: The sixth commandment is, "Thou shalt not kill." Q68: What is required in (1) Eph.5:28 So ought men to love the sixth commandment? their wives as their own bodies. V29 For no man ever yet hated his own A: The sixth commandment flesh; but nourisheth and cherisheth requireth all lawful it. endeavours to preserve our (2) Ps.82.3 Defend the poor and own life, (1) and the life fatherless. V4. Deliver the poor and of others. (2) needy. Job 29:13 The blessing of him that was ready to perish came upon me. (1) Act.16:28 But Paul cried with a Q69: What is forbidden in loud voice, saying, Do thyself no the sixth commandment? harm. (2) Gen.9:6 Whoso sheddeth man's A: The sixth commandment blood, by man shall his blood be shed. forbiddeth the taking away (3) Prov.24:11 If thou forbear to of our own life, (1) or the deliver them that are drawn unto life of our neighbour death, and those that are ready to be unjustly, (2) or whatsoever slain. V12 If thou sayest, Behold, we tendeth thereunto. (3) knew it not; doth not he that pondereth the heart consider it? Q70 Which is the seventh commandment? A: The seventh commandment is, "Thou shalt not commit adultery". Q71: What is required in (1) 1 Thess.4:4 That every one of you the seventh commandment? should know how to possess his vessel in sanctification and honour. A: The seventh commandment (2) Eph.5:11 And have no fellowship requireth the preservation with the unfruitful works of darkness, of our own (1) and our but rather reprove them. V12 For it is neighbour's chastity, (2) a shame even to speak of those things in heart, (3) speech, (4) which are done of them in secret. and behaviour. (5) (3) 2 Tim.2:22 Flee also youthful lusts: but follow righteousness, faith, charity, peace. (4) Col.4:6 Let your speech be alway with grace, seasoned with salt. (5) 1 Pet.3:2 While they behold your chaste conversation coupled with fear. Q72: What is forbidden in (1) Matt.5:28 Whosoever looketh on a the seventh commandment? woman to lust after her hath committed adultery with her already in his A: The seventh commandment heart. forbiddeth all unchaste (2) Eph.5:4 Neither filthiness, nor thoughts, (1) words, (2) foolish talking, nor jesting, which and actions. (3) are not convenient. (3) Eph.5:3 Fornication, and all uncleanness, let it not be once named among you. Q73: Which is the eighth commandment? A: The eighth commandment is, "Thou shalt not steal". Q74: What is required in (1) Rom.12:17 Provide things honest in the eighth commandment? the sight of all men. Prov.27:23 Be thou diligent to know the state of thy A: The eighth commandment flocks, and look well to thy herds. requireth the lawful (2) Lev.25:35 And if thy brother be procuring and furthering waxen poor, and fallen in decay with the wealth and outward thee; then thou shalt relieve him. estate of ourselves (1) and Philip.2:4 Look not every man on his others. (2) own things, but every man also on the things of others. Q75: What is forbidden in (1) 1 Tim.5:8 If any provide not for the eighth commandment? his own, and specially for those of his own house, he hath denied the A: The eighth commandment faith, and is worse than an infidel. forbiddeth whatsoever doth (2) Prov.28:19 But he that followeth or may unjustly hinder our after vain persons shall have poverty own (1) or our neighbour's enough. Prov.21:6 The getting of wealth or outward estate. treasures by a lying tongue is a (2) vanity tossed to and fro of them that seek death. Job 20:19 Because he hath oppressed and hath forsaken the poor; because he hath violently taken away an house which he builded not. V20 Surely he shall not feel quietness in his belly. Q76: Which is the ninth commandment? A: The ninth commandment is, "Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbour". Q77: What is required in (1) Zech.8:16 Speak ye every man the the ninth commandment? truth to his neighbour. (2) 1 Pet.3:16 Having a good A: The ninth commandment conscience; that, whereas they speak requireth the maintaining evil of you, as of evildoers, they may and promoting of truth be ashamed that falsely accuse your between man and man, (1) good conversation in Christ. Act.25:10 and of our own (1) and our Then said Paul, I stand at Caesar's neighbour's good name, (3) judgment seat; to the Jews have I done e s p e c i a l l y i n no wrong. witness-bearing. (4) (3) 3 Joh.:12 Demetrius hath good report of all men, and of the truth itself: yea, and we also bear record. (4) Prov.14:5 A faithful witness will not lie. V25 A true witness delivereth souls. Q78: What is forbidden in (1) Rom.3:13 With their tongues they the ninth commandment? have used deceit. (2) Job 27:5 God forbid that I should A: The ninth commandment justify you: till I die I will not forbiddeth whatsoever is remove mine integrity from me. prejudicial to truth, (1) (3) Ps.15:3 He that backbiteth not or injurious to our own (2) with his tongue, nor doeth evil to his or our neighbour's good neighbour, nor taketh up a reproach name. (3) against his neighbour. Q79: Which is the tenth commandment? A: The tenth commandment is, "Thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's house, thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's wife, nor his man-servant, nor his maidservant, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor any thing that is thy neighbour's". Q80: What is required in (1) Hebr.13:5 Let your conversation be the tenth commandment? without covetousness; and be content with such things as ye have. A: The tenth commandment (2) Rom.12:15 Rejoice with them that requireth full contentment do rejoice, and weep with them that with our own condition, (1) weep. 1 Cor.13:4 Charity suffereth with a right and charitable long, and is kind; charity envieth frame of spirit toward our not; charity vaunteth not itself, is neighbour, and all that is not puffed up. V5 Doth not behave his. (2) itself unseemly, seeketh not her own, is not easily provoked, thinketh no evil. V6 Rejoiceth not in iniquity, but rejoiceth in the truth. Q81: What is forbidden in (1) 1 Cor.10:10 Neither murmur ye, as the tenth commandment? some of them also murmured, and were destroyed of the destroyer. A: The tenth commandment (2) Gal.5:26 Let us not be desirous of f o r b i d d e t h a l l vain glory, provoking one another, discontentment with our own envying one another. estate, (1) envying or (3) Col.3:5 Mortify therefore your grieving at the good of our members which are upon the earth; neighbour, (2) and all fornication, uncleanness, inordinate inordinate motions and affection, evil concupiscence, and affections to any thing covetousness, which is idolatry. that is his. (3) Q82: Is any man able (1) Eccl.7:20 For there is not a just perfectly to keep the man upon earth, that doeth good, and commandments of God? sinneth not. (2) Gen.8:21 The imagination of man's A: No mere man since the heart is evil from his youth. fall is able in this life (3) Jam.3:8 The tongue can no man perfectly to keep the tame; it is an unruly evil, full of commandments of God, (1) deadly poison. but doth daily break them (4) Jam.3:2 In many things we offend in thought, (2) word, (3) all. and deed. (4) (1) Joh.19:11 He that delivered me Q83: Are all transgressions unto thee hath the greater sin. of the law equally heinous? A: Some sins in themselves, and by reason of several aggravations, are more heinous in the sight of God than others. (l) Q84: What doth every sin (1) Gal.3:10 Cursed is every one that deserve? continueth not in all things which are written in the book of the law to do A: Every sin deserveth them. Matt.25:41 Then shall he say God's wrath and curse, both also unto them on the left hand, in this life, and that Depart from me, ye cursed, into which is to come. (l) everlasting fire, prepared for the devil and his angels. -------------------------------------------------- file: /pub/resources/text/ipb-e/cate: short-02.txt .